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2015 UNHCR subregional operations profile - Middle East

| Overview |

UNHCR 2015 Middle East subregional operations map

Conflict and indiscriminate violence has plagued large areas of the Middle East in 2014, creating unprecedented protection and humanitarian needs for people of concern to UNHCR. The lack of prospect for peace or stability in the region in the near future offers little hope of the situation improving in 2015.

Home to several overlapping crises and humanitarian emergencies, the Middle East is likely to witness further internal and external displacement, with vast numbers of existing refugees and internally displaced people (IDPs) requiring direct humanitarian support.

As the war in the Syrian Arab Republic (Syria) enters its fourth year, a return to widespread violence in Iraq threatens to affect millions, and Yemen's fragile political transition risks sparking renewed internal clashes further affecting the lives of extremely vulnerable IDPs and refugees.

In an increasingly volatile and dangerous environment for both people of concern and local/international humanitarian actors, maintaining its presence and preparedness to assess and reach affected populations will be a major challenge for UNHCR.

While the international community struggles to effectively address multiple crises, and their implications beyond the Middle East, UNHCR's immediate priority will be to maintain the most favourable protection environment for people of concern, through active advocacy and support to the affected national and local entities.

Encouraging conformity with international standards will take into account the generosity already shown by many hosting countries and the growing challenges of ensuring peaceful coexistence between refugees and local populations.

In terms of basic services and essential needs, UNHCR will need to maintain considerable resources for the distribution of emergency relief to millions. While the majority of refugees and IDPs in the region will continue to live in local communities, those camps already in existence or due to be built in 2015 will require significant funding. Meanwhile, supporting people outside camps will need greater monitoring to ensure the most vulnerable are reached, wherever there may be.

UNHCR will maintain overall coordination of the humanitarian community's refugee response and lead in the areas of IDP protection, camp coordination and camp management (CCCM), as well as shelter and non-food item distribution. This inter-agency coordination is essential in order to maintain the ambitious humanitarian strategies made necessary by the scale of the region's challenges and needs.

The organization and its partners, particularly WFP, UNDP and UNICEF, as well as civil society organizations, will pioneer ways to bridge the critical link between the humanitarian refugee response and refugee-hosting countries' need for resilience and stabilization in a context of protracted regional turmoil.

The organization will also build on the important contributions of Gulf Cooperation Council (GCC) countries (Bahrain, Kuwait, Oman, Qatar, Saudi Arabia and the United Arab Emirates) and encourage their further leadership of and support for resource mobilization and fundraising. Moreover, in an extremely fragile and volatile context where durable solutions for refugees and IDPs are scarce, continued burden sharing through the offer of resettlement and humanitarian admissions will remain a priority for the most vulnerable.

| Response and implementation |

Operations in Iraq, Jordan, Lebanon, Syria and Yemen, with budgets of USD 25 million and more, are presented in separate country chapters. For other countries in the subregion where UNHCR operates, please see below.

In Israel, UNHCR will work with the Government and civil society actors to address the identified protection needs of asylum-seekers and refugees. Key activities will include: providing advice and assistance to individuals of concern; contributing to community projects; monitoring conditions in detention facilities, including Holot facility; and advocating laws and policies that protect the asylum-seeker community.

The GCC countries are host to millions of migrant workers, many originating from refugee-producing countries. Strict immigration and labour laws result in many overstaying their visas or becoming irregular as a result of changes in their employment or sponsorship. Additionally, hundreds of thousands of migrant workers cross into Saudi Arabia illegally through Yemen.

Since last year, GCC countries have cracked down on irregular migrant workers in a drive to regularize labour and increase employment of nationals. Accordingly, UNHCR will continue its multi-faceted approach to protection, including capacity building, advocating non-refoulement, and finding durable solutions for beneficiaries, in close coordination and partnership with competent GCC actors. Certain populations of concern to UNHCR, such as Syrians and Rohingyas, can be given exceptional treatment, such as access to education and health care.

From its Regional Office in Saudi Arabia (which covers Bahrain, Kuwait, Oman, Qatar and the United Arab Emirates), as well as its offices in Abu Dhabi and Kuwait, the organization will build on recent financial contributions to emergencies from GCC governments, national institutions and private entities, in order to foster greater coordination and participation towards more effective humanitarian delivery.

UNHCR will continue to raise awareness about its mandate, strategies, objectives, appeals and operations, and to promote a culture of transparency and shared responsibility, with the aim of mobilizing sustained resources for its field operations.

| Financial information |

UNHCR's financial requirements for the Middle East have increased dramatically in recent years, from USD 506.4 million in 2011 to a revised 2014 budget of USD 1.6 billion, as a result of needs arising from the crisis in Syria. In 2015, these financial requirements have increased again to USD 1.7 billion due to growing needs chiefly stemming from developments in Iraq, Syria and Yemen.

In light of the evolving situation in the region, any changes in requirements will be presented separately, mainly in the 2015 Regional Refugee and Resilience Plan (3RP) and the 2015 Syria Humanitarian Assistance Response Plan (SHARP) for the Syria situation and in a supplementary appeal for the Iraq situation.

UNHCR 2015 budgets for the Middle East (USD)
Operation 2014
Revised budget
(as of 30 June 2014)
2015
Refugee
programme
PILLAR 1
Stateless
programme
PILLAR 2
Reintegration
projects
PILLAR 3
IDP
projects
PILLAR 4
Total
Total 1,563,691,679 1,285,348,911 3,897,994 35,763,788 381,075,716 1,706,086,409
1. As from 2015 Kuwait is reported under Saudi Arabia Regional Office.
Iraq 311,967,182 136,096,621 2,045,988 35,763,788 56,629,011 230,535,408
Israel 2,934,409 3,207,939 0 0 0 3,207,939
Jordan 352,882,579 404,432,393 0 0 0 404,432,393
Kuwait[1] 5,000 - - - - -
Lebanon 471,872,116 555,537,603 1,242,275 0 0 556,779,878
Saudi Arabia Regional Office 4,266,486 4,577,895 320,000 0 0 4,897,895
Syria Regional Refugee Coordination Office 17,425,583 20,537,705 0 0 0 20,537,705
Syrian Arab Republic 320,223,482 52,557,990 179,730 0 309,778,397 362,516,117
United Arab Emirates 3,372,493 2,890,951 110,000 0 0 3,000,951
Yemen 56,726,371 44,869,802 0 0 14,668,309 59,538,111
Regional activities 22,015,977 60,640,011 0 0 0 60,640,011

Source: UNHCR Global Appeal 2015 Update


UNHCR contact information

Qatar is covered by the following UNHCR office:

UNHCR Representation in Saudi Arabia
Style of Address The UNHCR Regional Representative in Saudi Arabia
Street Address Diplomatic Quarters,, Arab Red Crescent and Red Cross Organization Building, Riyadh, Saudi Arabia
Mailing Address P.O.Box 94003, 11693 Riyadh, Saudi Arabia
Telephone 966 1 488 0049
Facsimile 966 1 482 8737
Email sauri@unhcr.org
Time Zone GMT + 3
Working Hours
Monday:8:00 - 15:00
Tuesday:8:00 - 15:00
Wednesday:8:00 - 15:00
Thursday:8:00 - 15:00
Friday:
Saturday:
Sunday:8:00 - 15:00
Public Holidays 27 July 2014, Eid Al-Fitr
28 July 2014, Eid Al-Fitr
29 July 2014, Eid Al-Fitr
30 July 2014, Eid Al-Fitr
23 September 2014, National day
05 October 2014, Eid Al-Adha
06 October 2014, Eid Al-Adha
07 October 2014, Eid Al-Adha
08 October 2014, Eid Al-Adha
09 October 2014, Eid Al-Adha
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UNHCR contact information

Statistical Snapshot*
* As at January 2014
  1. Country or territory of asylum or residence. In the absence of Government estimates, UNHCR has estimated the refugee population in most industrialized countries based on 10 years of asylum-seekers recognition.
  2. Persons recognized as refugees under the 1951 UN Convention/1967 Protocol, the 1969 OAU Convention, in accordance with the UNHCR Statute, persons granted a complementary form of protection and those granted temporary protection. It also includes persons in a refugee-like situation whose status has not yet been verified.
  3. Persons whose application for asylum or refugee status is pending at any stage in the procedure.
  4. Refugees who have returned to their place of origin during the first six months of 2013. Source: Country of origin and asylum.
  5. Persons who are displaced within their country and to whom UNHCR extends protection and/or assistance. It also includes persons who are in an IDP-like situation.
  6. IDPs protected/assisted by UNHCR who have returned to their place of origin during the first six months of 2013.
  7. Refers to persons under UNHCR's statelessness mandate.
  8. Persons of concern to UNHCR not included in the previous columns but to whom UNHCR extends protection and/or assistance.
  9. The category of people in a refugee-like situation is descriptive in nature and includes groups of people who are outside their country of origin and who face protection risks similar to those of refugees, but for whom refugee status has, for practical or other reasons, not been ascertained.
The data are generally provided by Governments, based on their own definitions and methods of data collection.
A dash (-) indicates that the value is zero, not available or not applicable.

Source: UNHCR/Governments.
Compiled by: UNHCR, FICSS.
Residing in Qatar [1]
Refugees [2] 130
Asylum Seekers [3] 11
Returned Refugees [4] 0
Internally Displaced Persons (IDPS) [5] 0
Returned IDPs [6] 0
Stateless Persons [7] 1,200
Various [8] 0
Total Population of Concern 1,341
Originating from Qatar [1]
Refugees [2] 17
Asylum Seekers [3] 5
Returned Refugees [4] 0
Internally Displaced Persons (IDPS) [5] 0
Returned IDPs [6] 0
Various [8] 0
Total Population of Concern 22
Government Contributions to UNHCR
Contributions since 2000
YearUSD
2014
More info21,557,181
As at 8 December 2014
2013 0
2012 100,000
2011
More info 100,000
Total contribution in USD: 100,000 [rank: 47]
Unrestricted contribution (USD): 100,000 [rank: 35]
Donor ranking per GDP: 39
Donor ranking per capita: 31
2010 50,000
2009 0
2008 50,000
2007 0
2006 20,000
2005
More info 100,000
USD 100,000 of which 100% was unrestricted.
2004
More info 100,000
USD 100,000 of which 100% was unrestricted.
2003
More info 100,000
USD 100,000 of which 100% was unrestricted.
2002 0
2001 0
2000 0
Private Sector Contributions to UNHCR
Private sector fund raising 2013

Total contribution in USD: 8,738,406
Major donorsUSD
Educate A Child Programme
Education Above All Foundation
6,738,406
Qatar Charity2,000,000

2013 Contributions chart
Contributions since 2006
YearUSD
2014
More info 5,499,792
As at 8 December 2014
2013
More info 8,738,406

Total contribution in USD: 8,738,406
Major donorsUSD
Educate A Child Programme
Education Above All Foundation
6,738,406
Qatar Charity2,000,000
2012
More info 6,612,986

Total contribution in USD: 6,612,986
Major donorsUSD
Educate a Child Programme6,240,000
Qatar Charity322,986
2011 0
2010 0
2009 0
2008 0
2007 0
2006 0