2014 UNHCR country operations profile - Jordan
| Overview |
The operational environment in the Hashemite Kingdom of Jordan (Jordan) has been affected considerably by the deterioration in the security situation in the neighbouring Syrian Arab Republic (Syria) and the continued influx of Syrians into the country.
Jordan continues to provide asylum for a large number of Syrians, Iraqis and other refugees, despite the substantial strain on national systems and infrastructure. This pressure has become even more acute over the past two years, as the global financial crisis has had an impact on Jordan's economic situation and infrastructure for water, electricity, waste management, education and health care.
Jordan is not a signatory of the 1951 Convention relating to the Status of Refugees; however the protection space for refugees and asylum-seekers is considered favourable.
The 1998 Memorandum of Understanding (MoU) between UNHCR and the Government is the basis for UNHCR's activities in Jordan. In the absence of any international or national legal refugee instruments in force in the country, the MoU establishes the parameters for cooperation on providing protection and assistance to refugees and asylum-seekers, and allows mandate refugees a maximum stay of six months after recognition, during which a durable solution should be found.
Jordan has granted Syrian refugees access to services, such as health and education in host communities. Zaatari and Azraq camps for Syrian refugees were built on land provided by the authorities that are also providing security in the camp.
People of concern
Syrians have rapidly become the largest refugee population of concern to UNHCR in Jordan, with over 500,000 individuals registered or awaiting registration by August 2013, most of whom come from Deraa. Aside from 120,000 Syrians hosted in the Zaatari camp, the vast majority of Syrians reside in non-camp settings, predominantly in the north. Nonetheless, Syrians have been registered in all governorates across Jordan, notably Amman with 13 per cent. Based on current trends, UNHCR expects the numbers of Syrian refugees fleeing to Jordan to increase, with the potential risk of a larger, sudden influx. Push factors include generalized and targeted violence, in addition to a public service breakdown in most areas of Syria and increasing prices for fuel and food.
As of March 2013, Jordan was hosting nearly 30,000 Iraqi refugees; the majority of whom are from Baghdad. Third-country resettlement is expected to remain the primary durable solution for Iraqis in 2014 with some 1,500 departures, while some 300 Iraqis are expected to return to Iraq through UNHCR's voluntary repatriation programme. The refugees remaining in Jordan will continue to require significant levels of support.
Moreover, in the last few years, some 1,700 individuals from Sudan and other countries of origin have been registered as refugees and asylum-seekers.
|UNHCR 2014 planning figures for Jordan|
|TYPE OF POPULATION||ORIGIN||Dec 2013||Dec 2014||Dec 2015|
|Total in country||of whom assisted
|Total in country||of whom assisted
|Total in country||of whom assisted
|Syrian Arab Rep.||1,254,950||1,254,950||1,410,520||1,410,520||1,324,210||1,324,210|
|Syrian Arab Rep.||490||490||490||490||490||490|
| Response |
Needs and strategies
UNHCR's foremost priority is to ensure that the favourable protection environment in Jordan is maintained. In 2014, any new flows of Syrians arriving in Jordan will further strain the already limited resources. This could have a negative impact on Jordanian public opinion vis-à-vis all refugees and pose further challenges to preserving the asylum space in the country.
UNHCR will assure international protection and provide the authorities with the technical support to reinforce the capacity of national institutions. Timely registration will ensure regular access to basic services, which is particularly important for the prevention of sexual and gender-based violence (SGBV) and for child protection. The Office also aims to strengthen its outreach capacity through the implementation of its urban policy to mitigate the impact of the Syrian influx on the local communities.
The ongoing influx of Syrian asylum-seekers is likely to have an impact on UNHCR's activities to address the needs of Iraqi refugees in Jordan. Refugee status determination (RSD) and durable solutions will remain essential protection elements for the Iraqi refugee population. The response will be closely monitored and if any refugees become more destitute, due to increasingly limited access to services and infrastructure, UNHCR will engage in a dialogue with Government counterparts to discuss a new strategy for this population.
| Implementation |
Close collaboration will be further expanded with Government authorities involved in protection and assistance to refugees and asylum-seekers at the national, regional and local levels. Strategic partnerships and cooperation will continue to be essential to UNHCR's response to the refugee situation in Jordan in 2014.
The partnership with the Ministry of Planning and International Cooperation has been in place since the Iraq crisis started in 2007. UNHCR will provide support to the Jordan Armed Forces, whose personnel are the first to receive newly arriving refugees at the border.
The overall response strategy for Syrians in Jordan will continue to be based on close collaboration between the Government, over 50 UN agencies and national and international NGOs under the leadership of UNHCR.
|2014 UNHCR partners in Jordan|
|Government agencies: Ministry of the Interior, Planning and International Cooperation, Education, Health and Social Development; Public Works and Housing; Public Security Directorate|
|NGOs: Agence d'aide à la coopération technique et au développement, Arab Renaissance for Democracy and Development, Care International, Caritas Jordan, International Medical Corps, International Relief and Development, Intersos, Jordan Hashemite Charity Organization, Jordan Health Aid Society, Jordan River Foundation, Jordanian Hashemite Fund for Human Development, Legal Aid, Mercy Corps, Noor Al-Hussein Foundation, Norwegian Refugee Council, Save the Children|
|Others: IOM, UNOPS, UNRWA, UNV|
|Government agencies: The National Centre for Security and Crisis Management|
|NGOs: ActionAid, ADRA, Association of Volunteers International, Centre for Victims of Torture, Children without Borders, Cooperative Housing Foundation International, Danish Refugee Council, Finn Church Aid/ACT Alliance, Fundación Promoción Social de la Cultura, Handicap International, International Catholic Migration Commission, International Orthodox Christian Charities, International Rescue Committee, Islamic Relief, Japan Emergency NGO, Jesuit Refugee Service, LDS Charities, Lutheran World Federation, Madrasati Initiative, Medair, Médecins du Monde, Movement for Peace, Nippon International Cooperation for Community Development, Operation Mercy, Oxfam GB, Première Urgence- Aide Médicale Internationale, Questscope, Relief International, Terre des Hommes Lausanne, THW (German Federal Agency for Technical Relief), World Vision International|
|Others: FAO, ICRC, IFRC, ILO, Qatar Red Crescent, UNDP, UNESCO, UNFPA, UN-HABITAT, UNICEF, UNWOMEN, WFP, WHO|
| Financial information |
In recent years, the financial requirements for UNHCR's operation in Jordan have increased dramatically, from USD 62.8 million in 2010 to a revised 2013 budget of USD 367.6 million, as a result of the response to the needs arising from the emergency in Syria.
The overall budget for Jordan in 2014 is set at USD 430.4 million, with the majority of the budget devoted to the emergency response for Syrian refugees. These financial requirements are based on the best estimates for 2014 using the information available as of mid-2013. In light of the evolving situation in Syria, any additional requirements will be presented in the Regional Response Plan for Syrian Refugees (RRP6) with the situation undergoing further review in the course of 2014.
Source: UNHCR Global Appeal 2014-2105
UNHCR contact information
|The UNHCR Representation in Jordan|
|Style of Address||The UNHCR Representative in Jordan|
|Street Address||05, Abdul Kareem Al-Azzeh Street, Deir Ghbar, Amman, Jordan|
|Mailing Address||P.O. Box 17101, 11195 Amman, Jordan|
|Telephone||962 6 550 2136|
|Facsimile||962 6 592 4658|
|Time Zone||GMT + 2|
|Public Holidays||01 January 2014, New Year's Day
12 January 2014, Prophet's birthday
13 April 2014, Palm Sunday
20 April 2014, Easter Sunday
25 May 2014, Independence Day
28 July 2014, Eid Al-Fitr
29 July 2014, Eid Al-Fitr
05 October 2014, Eid Al-Adha
06 October 2014, Eid Al-Adha
25 December 2014, Christmas Day