2014 UNHCR country operations profile - Egypt
| Overview |
The Arab Republic of Egypt is a signatory to the 1951 Refugee Convention and its 1967 Protocol, as well as the 1969 OAU Convention. As the country has, however, not yet developed national asylum procedures and institutions, the functional responsibilities for all aspects of registration, documentation and refugee status determination (RSD) are carried out by UNHCR under the 1954 Memorandum of Understanding with the Government of Egypt.
Egypt remains a transit and destination country for refugees and asylum-seekers, in particular Eritrean, Ethiopian, Iraqi, Somali, Sudanese and Syrian refugees, as well as Palestinians fleeing from the Syrian Arab Republic (Syria).
The crisis in Syria that has been ongoing since 2011 has resulted in the arrival of large numbers of Syrians in Egypt. By the end of September 2013, UNHCR had registered more than 120,000 Syrians hosted mainly in urban areas throughout Egypt. It is anticipated that the number of Syrians in need of assistance will reach 180,000 by the end of 2013.
The situation of refugees and asylum-seekers in Egypt is affected by difficult socio-economic conditions, including dramatic price rises and inflation, scarce employment opportunities, negative perceptions of certain nationalities and a general deterioration of the security environment due to political instability. In addition, the trafficking and smuggling of refugees and asylum-seekers from and through Egypt remains a serious protection challenge.
Syrian and Sudanese refugees have access to Egyptian public health and education facilities and services.
People of concern
The main groups of people of concern planned for in 2014 under the Egypt operation are: Syrian refugees fleeing the conflict in Syria; Sudanese refugees who escaped fighting between the Sudan People's Liberation Movement-North and the Sudanese Armed Forces in Blue Nile State, South Kordofan and Abyei (Sudan) or generalized violence in Darfur (Sudan); South Sudanese refugees who have been in Egypt for decades and do not deem the situation in South Sudan conducive to their repatriation; Somali refugees who fled the security situation in their country; Eritrean refugees who sought asylum due to human rights abuses or forced conscription; and Iraqi refugees fleeing generalized violence in Iraq.
|UNHCR 2014 planning figures for Egypt|
|TYPE OF POPULATION||ORIGIN||Dec 2013||Dec 2014||Dec 2015|
|Total in country||of whom assisted
|Total in country||of whom assisted
|Total in country||of whom assisted
|Syrian Arab Rep.||100,000||100,000||150,000||150,000||160,000||160,000|
| Response |
Needs and strategies
The current instability in Egypt is likely to continue to affect the protection environment for refugees and asylum-seekers. In 2014, UNHCR will mainly focus on providing protection by conducting registration on an individual basis and refugee status determination; and will pursue durable solutions where feasible. Protecting refugees from violence and exploitation, especially sexual and gender-based violence (SGBV) in collaboration with its legal partners, will remain a priority. UNHCR will intervene with the Government and concerned authorities to prevent refoulement, challenge arbitrary detention and ensure due process of law for refugee victims of crime. UNHCR will also maintain its capacity building programme with the Government with a focus on policy discussions.
Although Syrian and Sudanese refugees have access to public health and education, the quality of public health care and the cost of secondary and tertiary health care remain a challenge. Moreover, the absorption capacity in government schools, particularly in urban areas, is stretched given the already overcrowded classrooms and lack of teachers. In 2014, UNHCR will therefore continue to work with existing and potential new partners to address the minimum protection and assistance needs of the increasing refugee population. The Office will support the Ministries of Health and Education and together with its partners, focus on assisting the most vulnerable individuals with financial assistance, education and health support. UNHCR and its partners will further focus on livelihood activities and microfinance schemes targeting the most vulnerable cases.
| Implementation |
UNHCR will maintain a close working relationship with the Refugee Affairs Department of the Ministry of Foreign Affairs and the Ministry of the Interior, as well as other ministries.
UNHCR will continue its partnership with international and national NGOs, and also pursue efforts to diversify its local partners.
It will expand cooperation with the main universities in Cairo, and will continue cooperating closely with other UN agencies, IOM, the League of Arab States.
|2014 UNHCR partners in Egypt|
|Government agencies: Ministry of Education, Ministry of Health and Population|
|NGOs: Arab Council Supporting Fair Trial, Care International, CARITAS, Catholic Relief Services, Central Association for Kindergarten Supervisors League, Egyptian Red Crescent, Islamic Relief Worldwide, Mahmoud Society, Refuge Egypt, Resala Association, Save the Children, Terre des Hommes|
|Others: Psycho-Social Training Institute in Cairo, TADAMON|
|Government agencies: Ministry of Foreign Affairs (Refugee Affairs Department), Ministry of Interior, Ministry of Social Solidarity|
|NGOs: AMERA Legal Aid, Egyptian Foundation for Refugee Rights|
|Others: IOM, Sacred Heart Church, St. Andrew's Refugee Services, UNDP, UNFPA, UNICEF, UNOPS, UNV, WFP, WHO|
| Financial information |
In recent years, the financial requirements for UNHCR's operation in Egypt have increased dramatically, from USD 13.9 million in 2010 to a revised 2013 budget of USD 63 million, following the influx of Syrian refugees since 2012.
The overall budget for Egypt in 2014 is set at USD 65.1 million, with the majority of the budget devoted to the emergency response for Syrian refugees. These financial requirements are based on the best estimates for 2014 using the information available as of mid-2013. In light of the evolving situation in Syria, any additional requirements will be presented in the Regional Response Plan for Syrian refugees (RRP6), with the situation undergoing further review in the course of 2014.
Source: UNHCR Global Appeal 2014-2105
UNHCR contact information
|The UNHCR Representation in Egypt|
|Style of Address||The UNHCR Regional Representative in Egypt|
|Street Address||17th Mekka El Mokrama Street, 3rd proximity , 7th District ., Behind 6th of October Club ., 6 October City - Egypt, Cairo, Egypt|
|Mailing Address||17th Mekka El Mokrama Street, 3rd proximity , 7th District, 6 October City, Cairo, Egypt|
|Telephone||20 2 383 57 509|
|Facsimile||20 2 383 55 762|
|Time Zone||GMT + 2|
|Public Holidays||01 January 2014, New Year's Day
07 January 2014, Coptic Christmas
13 January 2014, Prophet's birthday
20 April 2014, Easter Sunday
21 April 2014, Sham El Nessim
28 July 2014, Eid Al-Fitr
29 July 2014, Eid Al-Fitr
05 October 2014, Eid Al-Adha
06 October 2014, Eid Al-Adha
25 December 2014, Christmas Day