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2014 UNHCR country operations profile - Côte d'Ivoire

| Overview |

Working environment

  • The security situation in Côte d'Ivoire has been improving considerably since 2013 and is expected to remain positive in 2014, despite the recent intermittent attacks in border areas in the west of the country.

  • As peace and security are gradually restored in the country, some internally displaced people (IDPs) and refugees have been returning home. In 2014 and 2015, Ivorians who sought refuge in neighbouring countries at the time of the post-electoral violence in 2010, will continue to return to Côte d'Ivoire.

  • In 2014, one of UNHCR's priorities in Côte d'Ivoire will be to find solutions for Liberians and Rwandans for whom refugee status has ceased, by facilitating local integration for some of them and undertaking resettlement assessments for the others. Those who are exempted from the cessation clauses will continue to receive international protection.

  • In Côte d'Ivoire, the lack of proper documentation for UNHCR's people of concern has a significant impact on people's access to some basic rights. For instance, children without proof of birth registration cannot attend schools or take state exams, and people without proof of nationality cannot own land. In this context, UNHCR will continue to advocate with the Government for the ratification of the 1954 and 1961 Statelessness Conventions.

  • Côte d'Ivoire was selected as one of three pilot countries for the UN Secretary-General's Policy Committee Decision on Durable Solutions. Accordingly, a profiling of the displaced population and of hosting and vulnerable communities will take place.

  • The Government of Côte d'Ivoire grants access to public health clinics (primary health care) for all people of concern.

People of concern

The main groups of people of concern planned for in 2014 under the Côte d'Ivoire operation are: Liberians affected by the application of the cessation clauses; some 350,000 stateless people according to government estimates; and some 60,000 Ivorian refugee and IDP returnees.

Planning figures

UNHCR 2014 planning figures for Côte d'Ivoire
TYPE OF POPULATION ORIGIN Dec 2013 Dec 2014 Dec 2015
Total in country of whom assisted
Total in country of whom assisted
Total in country of whom assisted
Total 460,890 260,890 258,190 158,190 151,550 151,550
Refugees Liberia 3,400 3,400 800 800 650 650
Rwanda 70 70 70 70 70 70
Various 550 550 640 640 600 600
People in refugee-like situations Various 1,620 1,620 1,620 1,620 200 200
Asylum-seekers Liberia 20 20 10 10 10 10
Various 230 230 50 50 20 20
Returnee arrivals during year (ex-refugees) Côte d'Ivoire 40,000 40,000 20,000 20,000 20,000 20,000
Internally displaced Côte d'Ivoire 45,000 45,000 25,000 25,000 15,000 15,000
Returnee arrivals during year (ex-IDPs) Côte d'Ivoire 20,000 20,000 10,000 10,000 15,000 15,000
Stateless people Stateless 350,000 150,000 200,000 100,000 100,000 100,000

| Response |

Needs and strategies

In order to address the needs of UNHCR's population of concern, the Office will focus its strategy for 2014 on advocating for the Government's adoption and implementation of a national asylum law. UNHCR will provide support to its Government partner, the Ministry of Justice, Human Rights and Public Liberties, which is working on rebuilding and modernizing the civil registration system in order to establish an efficient and non-discriminatory replacement process for lost documents.

The organization will also provide assistance for the safe and dignified return of an estimated 15,000 Ivorian refugees seeking to repatriate from Liberia and other neighbouring countries. A network of monitors will assess the protection situation in return areas by identifying people with specific needs, monitoring the overall security situation and collecting statistical data.

In accordance with the UN Secretary-General's Policy Committee Decision on Durable Solutions, integration and reintegration activities will be conducted. Community-based programmes for refugees, repatriated refugees and returned IDPs, to be implemented in collaboration with the Government, will seek to improve their livelihoods as per the National Development Plan.

UNHCR will also improve the access of returnees to national justice and administrative systems.

The Office will continue to support the implementation of the cessation clauses for 3,400 Liberian and 75 Rwandan refugees, ensuring registration updates and completed case files for every individual found to be in continuing need of protection.

| Implementation |


UNHCR will maintain its current partnerships with the Government of Côte d'Ivoire, UN agencies and national and international NGOs. The organization will continue to participate in inter-agency coordination processes, such as the United Nations Development Action Framework and the newly-created Comité de coordination élargie, chaired by the Ministry of Solidarity, Family, Woman and Child, which includes the participation of humanitarian actors as well as key ministries. This committee has taken over the role of the clusters in the country, including the protection cluster. The clusters were phased out at the end of 2012, with the Government resuming responsibility for humanitarian and development matters. In cooperation with UNDP, the Office will oversee the implementation of the UN Secretary General's Policy Committee Decision on Durable Solutions.

2014 UNHCR partners in Côte d'Ivoire
Implementing partners
Government agencies: Ministère de la justice, des droits de l'homme et des libertés publiques, Service d'aide et d'assistance aux réfugiés et apatrides
NGOs: Africa Women Welfare Committee, Association de soutien à l'autopromotion sanitaire urbaine, Caritas, Norwegian Refugee Council
Others: FAO, IOM, UN Women, UNOPS
Operational partners
Government agencies: Ministère de la solidarité, de la famille, de la femme et de l'enfant
NGOs: Danish Refugee Council, International Rescue Committee, Save the Children

| Financial information |

Over the last several years, UNHCR's financial requirements in Côte d'Ivoire have fluctuated. In 2010, following the successful repatriation of Liberian refugees, who had been in the country for over 20 years, the Côte d'Ivoire operation was downsized. While in 2010 the financial requirements totalled USD 15.5 million, by 2011, as a result of the displacement following the 2010 presidential elections, the budget had risen to USD 47.3 million. As peace and security have been gradually restored, IDPs as well as refugees from neighbouring countries have been returning home, resulting in lower budgets from 2012 onwards. In 2014, the financial requirements for UNHCR's operation in Côte d'Ivoire are set at USD 27.3 million.

Source: UNHCR Global Appeal 2014-2105



Statistical Snapshot*
* As at January 2014
  1. Country or territory of asylum or residence. In the absence of Government estimates, UNHCR has estimated the refugee population in most industrialized countries based on 10 years of asylum-seekers recognition.
  2. Persons recognized as refugees under the 1951 UN Convention/1967 Protocol, the 1969 OAU Convention, in accordance with the UNHCR Statute, persons granted a complementary form of protection and those granted temporary protection. It also includes persons in a refugee-like situation whose status has not yet been verified.
  3. Persons whose application for asylum or refugee status is pending at any stage in the procedure.
  4. Refugees who have returned to their place of origin during the first six months of 2013. Source: Country of origin and asylum.
  5. Persons who are displaced within their country and to whom UNHCR extends protection and/or assistance. It also includes persons who are in an IDP-like situation.
  6. IDPs protected/assisted by UNHCR who have returned to their place of origin during the first six months of 2013.
  7. Refers to persons under UNHCR's statelessness mandate.
  8. Persons of concern to UNHCR not included in the previous columns but to whom UNHCR extends protection and/or assistance.
  9. The category of people in a refugee-like situation is descriptive in nature and includes groups of people who are outside their country of origin and who face protection risks similar to those of refugees, but for whom refugee status has, for practical or other reasons, not been ascertained.
The data are generally provided by Governments, based on their own definitions and methods of data collection.
A dash (-) indicates that the value is zero, not available or not applicable.

Source: UNHCR/Governments.
Compiled by: UNHCR, FICSS.
Residing in Côte d'Ivoire [1]
Refugees [2] 2,980
Asylum Seekers [3] 607
Returned Refugees [4] 20,028
Internally Displaced Persons (IDPS) [5] 24,000
Returned IDPs [6] 21,000
Stateless Persons [7] 700,000
Various [8] 132
Total Population of Concern 768,747
Originating from Côte d'Ivoire [1]
Refugees [2] 85,729
Asylum Seekers [3] 11,727
Returned Refugees [4] 20,028
Internally Displaced Persons (IDPS) [5] 24,000
Returned IDPs [6] 21,000
Various [8] 0
Total Population of Concern 162,484
Government Contributions to UNHCR
Contributions since 2000
2014 0
2013 0
2012 102,178
2011 10,000
2010 0
2009 0
2008 0
2007 0
2006 0
2005 0
2004 0
2003 0
2002 0
2001 0
2000 0

Côte d'Ivoire UNHCR Fundraising Reports Rss FeedUNHCR Fundraising Reports

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Côte d'Ivoire on the Edge

A new displacement crisis in West Africa

Refugees move to new camp in Liberia

UNHCR has begun transferring refugees from Côte d'Ivoire to a new refugee camp in the north-eastern Liberian town of Bahn. Over the coming weeks UNHCR hopes to move up to 15,000 refugees into the facility, which has been carved out of the jungle. They are among almost 40,000 civilians from Côte d'Ivoire who have fled to escape mounting political tension in their country since the presidential election in late November.

The final number of people to move to Bahn will depend on how many wish to be relocated.from villages near the Liberia-Côte d'Ivoire border. Initially most of the refugees were taken in by host communities, living side-by-side with locals. Poor road conditions made it difficult for humanitarian agencies to deliver assistance. Supplies of food, medicine and water have been running low, making conditions difficult for both locals and refugees.

At the camp in Bahn, refugees will have easy access to basic services such as health care, clean water and primary school education.

Refugees move to new camp in Liberia

Running for shelter in Côte d'Ivoire

UNHCR has expressed its mounting concern about civilians trapped in the Abobo district of Cote d'Ivoire's commercial centre, Abidjan, following days of fierce fighting between forces loyal to rival presidential candidates. The situation there remains grim. Many of the 1.5 million inhabitants of Abobo have fled, but armed groups are reportedly preventing others from leaving. UNHCR is particularly concerned about vulnerable people, such as the sick and the elderly, who may not be able to leave.

Running for shelter in Côte d'Ivoire

New flows of Ivorian refugees into Liberia

As of late March, more than 100,000 Ivorian refugees had crossed into eastern Liberia since lingering political tension from a disputed presidential election in neighbouring Côte d' Ivoire erupted into violence in February. Most have gone to Liberia's Nimba County, but in a sign that the fighting has shifted, some 6,000 Ivorians recently fled across the border into Liberia's Grand Gedeh County. Most of the new arrivals have settled in remote villages - some inaccessible by car. The UN refugee agency sent a mission to assess the needs of the refugees in the region.

Photographer Glenna Gordon photographed new arrivals near Zwedru in south-eastern Liberia.

New flows of Ivorian refugees into Liberia

Liberia: A Neighbour's HelpPlay video

Liberia: A Neighbour's Help

Alphonse Gonglegbe fled to Liberia with his family a few months ago. He appreciates the help he's been receiving in this land neighbouring his native Côte d'Ivoire.
Liberia: Hurried FlightPlay video

Liberia: Hurried Flight

Tens of thousands of Ivorians have fled their villages and sought shelter in Liberia. Francis says he ran for his life and now he wants safety and food.
Liberia: Arrival at Bahn CampPlay video

Liberia: Arrival at Bahn Camp

UNHCR has opened a new camp for up to 15,000 Ivorian refugees at Bahn in eastern Liberia. Follow the arrival of the first group.
Liberia: Ivorians on the RunPlay video

Liberia: Ivorians on the Run

More than 25,000 civilians from Côte d'Ivoire have fled to the safety of Liberia. UNHCR is helping local communities cope.
Liberia: Providing RefugePlay video

Liberia: Providing Refuge

UNHCR is building a camp in north-eastern Liberia to shelter thousands of refugees from Côte d'Ivoire. The local community is giving a helping hand.