Thousands flee fresh violence in Central African Republic town of Bambari

News Stories, 27 June 2014

© UNHCR/F.Noy
These women from Central African Republic are among the hundreds of thousands displaced by the conflict in the country.

BANGUI, Central African Republic, June 27 (UNHCR) Fresh violence and reprisal attacks in and around the Central African Republic town of Bambari has displaced thousands of people and left at least 45 people dead and scores wounded this week.

The violence began early on Monday when armed elements attacked a camp just south of Bambari housing Muslims from the Peul ethnic group. The attack prompted retaliation inside Bambari against other armed elements and the civilian population. Those fleeing the violence have sought shelter in displacement sites around the town, which lies some 380 kilometres northeast of the capital Bangui.

UNHCR staff say that by Wednesday, Bambari had been reduced to a ghost town. Christian neighbourhoods have been emptied of residents from previous violence, while displacement sites are packed with people struggling to get by amid the rainy season.

People urgently need better protection, shelter, water and sanitation, as well as food and other items. UNHCR is sending in non-food items, mainly tarpaulins. However, the security situation remains volatile and there are fears that the cycle of revenge will pick up again soon.

Tension has been at boiling point in Bambari since May, when widespread fighting displaced more than 13,000 people. Armed groups have continued fighting since and attacking the local population. Tens of people have been killed or injured, and hundreds of homes have been razed. Prices of basic goods are meanwhile soaring, and displaced people are returning repeatedly to the sites for internally displaced people.

The resumed conflict has also halted many activities at the nearby refugee camp of Pladama Ouaka, situated just 10 km from Bambari. The camp hosts approximately 1,960 Sudanese refugees people who fled to Central African Republic in 2007 due to fighting in Sudan's Darfur region.

This week's fighting has restricted the refugees' movements in the area even further than previously. UNHCR is doing what it can to help their situation in cooperation with national and international partners. In all, there are approximately 10,660 refugees and asylum-seekers in the Central African Republic.

To date, almost 140,000 people from Central African Republic have sought refuge in Cameroon, the Democratic Republic of the Congo, Chad and the Republic of Congo since December 2013. Most of the people are seeking refuge in Cameroon (106,000), where last week UNHCR registered more than 3,000 people.

In other areas of the country, the situation remains precarious. In the northern prefectures of Ouham and Ouham-Pende, insecurity threatens humanitarian access. The town of Bang, near the borders with Chad and Cameroon, was under the control of armed groups until last Sunday. On the same day, fighting in the town of Batangafo led to the displacement of more than 1,000 people.

Lastly, in the northern-eastern town of Birao, armed elements took control of the airfield on 23 June. The number of displaced in the Central African Republic due to the violence is estimated at 536,500 people, of whom 111,500 are living in 43 sites in Bangui.

The CAR situation Regional Response Plan of US$274 million is now 20 per cent funded, with the latest contribution being US$22 million from the United States.

By Aikaterini Kitidi in Bangui, Central African Republic

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Little has been reported about the humanitarian crisis in the northern part of the Central African Republic (CAR), where at least 295,000 people have been forced out of their homes since mid-2005. An estimated 197,000 are internally displaced, while 98,000 have fled to Chad, Cameroon or Sudan. They are the victims of fighting between rebel groups and government forces.

Many of the internally displaced live in the bush close to their villages. They build shelters from hay, grow vegetables and even start bush schools for their children. But access to clean water and health care remains a huge problem. Many children suffer from diarrhoea and malaria but their parents are too scared to take them to hospitals or clinics for treatment.

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Each week 10,000 Muslims cross into eastern Cameroon to escape the violence consuming the Central African Republic (CAR). Many new arrivals report that they have been repeatedly attacked as they fled. The anti-Balaka militiamen have blocked main roads to Cameroon, forcing people to find alternate routes through the bush. Many are walking two to three months to reach Cameroon, arriving malnourished and bearing wounds from machetes and gunshots.

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