Jordan opens a new desert camp for Syrian refugees at Azraq

News Stories, 30 April 2014

© UNHCR/J.Kohler
Abu Saleh and his family survey their new surroundings in Azraq refugee camp.

AZRAQ CAMP, Jordan, April 30 (UNHCR) After a dangerous 1,000-kilometre journey to escape the violence in Syria, Abu Saleh and his family made the night-time crossing into neighbouring Jordan not knowing where they would end up.

Two days after fleeing their home, they are among the first group of 230 Syrian refugees to arrive at the newly opened Azraq camp, located in the desert 100 kilometres east of the Jordanian capital, Amman.

Azraq, which formally opened today, will be run by the Jordanian authorities with the support of UNHCR and its humanitarian partners. The camp was opened to relieve pressure on the Za'atri camp, some 80 kilometres to the north-west. With around 100,000 residents, Za'atri is one of the world's largest refugee camps and is running out of space.

There are currently nearly 5,000 shelters in Azraq, capable of housing up to 25,000 refugees. Their zinc and steel construction is designed to better cope with the high winds and extremes of temperature in Jordan's eastern desert compared with the tents and caravans found in Za'atri.

Abu Saleh and his family have moved into one of the shelters. The 47-year-old was a farmer in the northern Syrian province of Al-Hassakeh, but two years without water or electricity left him unable to produce enough to feed his wife and their four daughters and three sons, aged from 18 months to 21 years.

As fighting surrounded their village, Abu Saleh says he felt compelled to leave Syria and seek refuge abroad. He paid about 500,000 Syrian pounds (almost US$3,400) to transport his family by road from Al-Hassakeh to within six kilometres of the Jordanian border.

The 48-hour journey took them through several areas of conflict, forcing them to get out and walk. "We heard that 28 people were killed on their way to Jordan two days before we left, so we were very anxious," Abu Saleh tells UNHCR. "Several times we had to get out of the cars and spread out on foot to avoid the risk that a bomb would kill my entire family."

Once they made it over the border, the Jordanian authorities brought them to a registration centre together with dozens of other refugee families. There they learnt that they would be among the first residents of the camp at Azraq.

Sitting cross-legged on the floor of their six-by-four metre shelter inside the new camp, his wife Um Saleh describes her mixed emotions. "We left everything behind. Leaving your home is a hard emotional decision for everyone," she says. "But we're happy to be here and I'm glad that my family is safe."

The rows of white shelters spreading out across the desert are arranged into smaller groups of 12, each group with its own bathrooms and latrines. The idea is to enable extended families and acquaintances to live close together, providing greater protection and an increased sense of community.

As the first refugees are taken by pickup truck with their belongings to their shelters, they pass rows of half-built frames of shelters under construction. Ultimately, the 15-square-kilometre Azraq site will have the capacity to host up to 130,000 residents.

While the new camp will help manage the inflow of refugees from Syria now averaging 600 per day it also underscores the protracted nature of the humanitarian crisis there, says Bernadette Castel-Hollingsworth, head of UNHCR's Azraq field office.

"The camp is a testimony to the continuous deterioration of the situation in Syria, but also to the continuous commitment of the Jordanian authorities and the Jordanian people to receive refugees here," she says. Conditions will not be easy for the refugees living there, but she hopes that they will quickly make the camp their own and adapt to their new environment.

For now the new residents at Azraq are happy to have made it somewhere safe, but uncertain about what the future holds. Abu Ahmed, 46, fled with his wife, daughter and two sons from Ghouta near Damascus after more than a year-and-a-half of internal displacement following the destruction of their home. He describes not being able to find food and having to eat grass and mushrooms to survive.

Having arrived in Azraq, his first priority is to get some rest. "I can't return to Syria and I have no idea what I will do here in Jordan," he says. "First I am looking forward to lying down with a roof over my head and falling to sleep without hearing the sound of explosions."

By Charlie Dunmore in Azraq Camp, Jordan



Jordan: New Refugee Camp OpensPlay video

Jordan: New Refugee Camp Opens

Jordan formally opens Azraq refugee camp in the desert east of the capital, Amman. UNHCR will help to run the camp, which has room for more than 100,000 refugees and was built to ease pressure on the Za'atri camp.

A New Camp, a New Home: A Syrian Family in Azraq

On April 30, 2014, the Jordanian government formally opened a new refugee camp in the desert east of Jordan's capital, Amman. UNHCR will help run Azraq camp, which was opened to relieve the pressure in Za'atri camp. There are currently nearly 5,000 shelters in Azraq, capable of housing up to 25,000 refugees. The first group to arrive included 47-year-old Abu Saleh and his family, who had made the long journey from northern Syria's Al-Hassakeh camp to Jordan. "When the fighting reached our village, I feared for my wife and children's lives, and we decided to leave and find safety in Jordan," said Abu Saleh, 47. The family were farmers, but in the past two years they were unable to grow any crops and lived without running water and electricity. He said the family wanted to stay in a place where they felt safe, both physically and mentally, until they could return home. Photographer Jared Kohler followed the family on their journey from the border to Azraq Camp.

A New Camp, a New Home: A Syrian Family in Azraq

UNHCR country pages

Non-Iraqi Refugees in Jordan

After Saddam Hussein's regime was toppled in Iraq in 2003, groups of refugees who had lived in the country for many years tried to leave the chaos and lawlessness that soon ensued. Hundreds of people started fleeing to the border with Jordan, including Palestinians in Baghdad and Iranian Kurds from the Al Tash refugee camp in central Iraq.

Aside from a few Palestinians with family connections inside the neighbouring country, the refugees were refused entry and free movement in Jordan. Thousands were soon stranded in the no-man's land between Iraq and Jordan or at the desert camp of Ruweished, located 60 kilometres inside Jordan.

Since 2003, Palestinians, Iranian Kurds, Iranians, Sudanese and Somalis have been living there and suffering the scorching heat and freezing winters of the Jordanian desert. UNHCR and its partners have provided housing and assistance and tried to find solutions – the agency has helped resettle more than 1,000 people in third countries. At the beginning of 2007, a total of 119 people – mostly Palestinians – remained in Ruweished camp without any immediate solution in sight.

Posted on 20 February 2007

Non-Iraqi Refugees in Jordan

Iraqi Refugees in Jordan

The UN refugee agency has launched a US$60 million appeal to fund its work helping hundreds of thousands of Iraqi refugees and internally displaced people. The new appeal concludes that unremitting violence in Iraq will likely mean continued mass internal and external displacement affecting much of the surrounding region. The appeal notes that the current exodus is the largest long-term population movement in the Middle East since the displacement of Palestinians following the creation of Israel in 1948.

UNHCR has warned that the longer this conflict goes on, the more difficult it will become for the hundreds of thousands of displaced and the communities that are trying to help them – both inside and outside Iraq. Because the burden on host communities and governments in the region is enormous, it is essential that the international community support humanitarian efforts.

The US$60 million will cover UNHCR's protection and assistance programmes for Iraqi refugees in Syria, Jordan, Lebanon, Egypt and Turkey, as well as non-Iraqi refugees and internally displaced people within Iraq itself.

Posted on 10 January 2007

Iraqi Refugees in Jordan

Iraqi Children Go To School in Syria

UNHCR aims to help 25,000 refugee children go to school in Syria by providing financial assistance to families and donating school uniforms and supplies.

There are some 1.4 million Iraqi refugees living in Syria, most having fled the extreme sectarian violence sparked by the bombing of the Golden Mosque of Samarra in 2006.

Many Iraqi refugee parents regard education as a top priority, equal in importance to security. While in Iraq, violence and displacement made it difficult for refugee children to attend school with any regularity and many fell behind. Although education is free in Syria, fees associated with uniforms, supplies and transportation make attending school impossible. And far too many refugee children have to work to support their families instead of attending school.

To encourage poor Iraqi families to register their children, UNHCR plans to provide financial assistance to at least 25,000 school-age children, and to provide uniforms, books and school supplies to Iraqi refugees registered with UNHCR. The agency will also advise refugees of their right to send their children to school, and will support NGO programmes for working children.

UNHCR's ninemillion campaign aims to provide a healthy and safe learning environment for nine million refugee children by 2010.

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A UNHCR photographic project, "Do You See What I See," lets young refugees in Jordan's Za'atari camp share their world and thoughts with others.