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Syrians get round education crunch by running their own school in Jordan

News Stories, 24 April 2014

© UNHCR/S.Baldwin
Syrian refugee Jamal, left, assists his cousin Akram as they teach in their school in a settlement on the outskirts of Amman, Jordan.

AMMAN, Jordan, April 24 (UNHCR) In a suburb of Amman, surrounded by piles of garbage and stray sheep, Jamal and his cousin Akram teach the Arabic alphabet to a small group of Syrian refugee children. The classroom is a small orange tent where the young pupils sit on the ground with their text books on their laps. A whiteboard dangles from a wall of the tent.

It's very simple, but effective. In a country where about half of the school-aged Syrian refugee children are unable to attend public schools, the residents of an informal camp in the Jordanian capital's Kherbet Al-Souk district have taken matters into their own hands.

The initiative came from Jamal, who was a teacher in Syria and wanted to ensure that the children in their informal settlement of about 500 refugees were not missing out on their education. Jamal enlisted the help of Akram and they managed to obtain an old tent to use as a classroom in their semi-rural area.

About four months ago, they felt ready and invited parents to send their children to the new school, which has received important support from UNHCR. The children had tried to attend the local public school, but many could not find a place in the crowded institution.

They teach the Jordanian curriculum, including Arabic, Science, Mathematics and some English. The school cannot offer certificates, but at least it is preparing children to re-enter the formal education system, either in Jordan's public schools or back home in Syria if peace returns, Jamal explained.

On most mornings, boys and girls queue outside the school tent in separate lines with their hands held out for a cleanliness check. They all seem eager to get started. "I really enjoy going to school," said Khalid, aged 10, who wants to become a pilot one day.

Like many children here, he also has to work to earn money for his family. Khalid attends classes in the morning and then spends the afternoons at a local factory earning about US$1.25 an hour. But he understands the importance of a good education, and says that "learning about Maths is better than playing games for me."

His father, Jamal Mohammad, agrees and says he is happy that his children are at least getting some education, and close to home. "If this school did not exist, I would not send him anywhere," he said, citing cases of bullying against the Syrians enrolled in state schools. He feared for his boy's safety.

But at least Khalid is able to attend the school at the Kherbet Al-Souk settlement, which was established about nine months ago. More than three years into the Syrian crisis, hundreds of thousands of refugee children face obstacles in getting places in school. This has raised fears of the creation of a ''lost generation" of children who will never be able to contribute meaningfully to their country's future. Many are in danger of missing out entirely on formal learning if the war continues.

The children of Kherbet Al-Souk may be among the lucky ones. Jamal and Akram run the camp school with the help of private donations, cash assistance from UNHCR, and household goods from local charities, including a chest of drawers. And they are now using a bigger tent to deal with the extra students.

"Hopefully, Akram will obtain some caravans for the children in the future," said Jamal, who recently received good news about his own future. Shortly after speaking to UNHCR, he moved with his family to Austria, where his daughter will attend school and get a rounded education.

Back in Jordan, his initiative in setting up the school in Kherbet Al-Souk will continue to benefit Syrian refugee children who remain in Jordan.

By Haben Habteslasie in Amman, Jordan

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For Starters, a Tent: A Syrian Teacher Opens a School in Jordan

In the semi-rural area of Kherbet Al-Souk, on the outskirts of Amman, Syrian refugees struggling to get their children into crowded state schools have taken matters into their own hands. They have set up a simple school in their small informal settlement of about 500 refugees. The families had lived in Za'atri or Al-Aghwar camps, but moved out to be closer to other relatives and to access basic services in the capital. But ensuring education for all refugee children in Jordan has proved difficult for the government and its partners, including UNHCR. According to the UN, more than half of all Syrian refugee children in Jordan are not in school. In Kherbet Al-Souk, the refugee-run school consists of a large tent where the students sit on the ground with their text books. All of the students take classes together with the younger children in the front. Before, they spent a lot of time playing, but they were not learning anything. One refugee, Jamal, decided to do something about it. Photographer Shawn Baldwin met Jamal and visited the school in a tent. These are some of the images he took.

For Starters, a Tent: A Syrian Teacher Opens a School in Jordan

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Syrian Refugees in Lebanon

As world concern grows over the plight of hundreds of thousands of displaced Syrians, including more than 200,000 refugees, UNHCR staff are working around the clock to provide vital assistance in neighbouring countries. At the political level, UN High Commissioner for Refugees António Guterres was due on Thursday (August 30) to address a closed UN Security Council session on Syria.

Large numbers have crossed into Lebanon to escape the violence in Syria. By the end of August, more than 53,000 Syrians across Lebanon had registered or received appointments to be registered. UNHCR's operations for Syrian refugees in Tripoli and the Bekaa Valley resumed on August 28 after being briefly suspended due to insecurity.

Many of the refugees are staying with host families in some of the poorest areas of Lebanon or in public buildings, including schools. This is a concern as the school year starts soon. UNHCR is urgently looking for alternative shelter. The majority of the people looking for safety in Lebanon are from Homs, Aleppo and Daraa and more than half are aged under 18. As the conflict in Syria continues, the situation of the displaced Syrians in Lebanon remains precarious.

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Most of the refugees crossing into Turkey come from areas of northern Syria, including the city of Aleppo. Some initially stayed in schools or other public buildings, but they have since been moved into the camps, where families live in tents or container homes and all basic services are available.

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