Life imitates art: Syrian refugees stage Greek tragedy in Jordan

News Stories, 6 January 2014

© UNHCR/O.Laban-Mattei
Syrian women refugees perform in the "The Trojan Women" at the National Centre for Culture and Arts in Amman.

AMMAN, Jordan, January 6 (UNHCR) Syrian director Omar Abu Saada has turned to a Greek tragedy written more than 2,400 years ago to tell of the female suffering in his blighted homeland.

His staging in Arabic of "The Trojan Women" by Euripides recently played to an enthusiastic audience at the National Centre for Culture and Arts in the Jordanian capital of Amman. The warm reception for his minimalist production may well boost plans to make a film version.

The play's anti-war theme clearly resonated with its cast of 24 Syrian refugee women, who wove their personal stories of the Syrian conflict into the production. Euripides focused his play of 415 B.C. on the horrific aftermath of the Trojan War from the perspective of the women of Troy, the ruins of which lie in modern Turkey.

The immediacy and relevance of the themes which Euripides touched upon, including the effects of war on women, the role of women and the importance placed on honour and dignity, were brought home when the actors recited from letters they had written about their own experiences in Syria and of escaping the war, which has forced millions of people into exile in Jordan and elsewhere in the region.

Reem Shariff, an engineering student, compared Troy to her native Damascus, in its beauty and resilience. In a poignant performance, the 22-year-old identified with a line from the Euripides original in which Hecuba, wife of Troy's King Priam, says, "I will leave my fatherland, my city is being torched."

Shariff, like all the cast, is a refugee. She left her home and studies in Damascus and sought shelter in Jordan a year ago as the conflict escalated.

The young woman, who dreams of going home, said the play tells a very sad story. "What happened in the past is happening now. In the play, I tell my story of when I travelled from Syria to Jordan and how difficult it was. I have learned so much from this experience."

Director Saada, who has worked with Palestinian refugees before, said most of the actors in "The Trojan Women" had no experience of theatre. "Most of them had not even been to the theatre before this project, so they have a very different approach to art," he noted.

"We started to make links between the actors' stories and the original stories in the text and used that in the performance. We didn't put as much action in the play because the women were more interested in telling their stories, and that's where the action lies in the storytelling," he stressed.

© UNHCR/O. Laban-Mattei
Getting ready for the performance.

American actor Hal Scardino, one of the producers, added that the project was "very personal to these women now, because they are telling their stories from Syria through this play." The performances were revelatory: "I know a lot of Syrian refugees in Jordan, but not many of them open up, so it was incredibly powerful to hear personal experiences of their journeys," said Estee Ward, an audience member.

The original idea for the adaptation came from British writer Charlotte Eagar. "I went to Bosnia in 1992 and I worked there a lot with refugees," the award-winning former foreign correspondent said. "Then I heard 'Trojan Women' on the BBC World Service and I never forgot that. It's just the ultimate anti-war play."

She explained that the first plan was to make a film version. "The play was born out of the film. We wanted to work with Syrian refugees and thought the play could be theirs after we've gone," added Eagar of the privately funded production.

All of the actors were paid a small salary and have been offered the opportunity to feature in the film, which is expected to start production in Jordan later this year. Scardino said there were also plans for the women in the cast to continue meeting once a week to do similar workshops in which they tell their stories on stage. He said this would "keep the momentum going."

The production has been a moving journey for audience and participants alike. Following her performance, Shariff described her emotions. "I feel so happy I could cry. Many of the actors cried after the performance," she said. "It was so wonderful."

By Haben Habteslasie in Amman, Jordan

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Syrian Refugees in Lebanon

As world concern grows over the plight of hundreds of thousands of displaced Syrians, including more than 200,000 refugees, UNHCR staff are working around the clock to provide vital assistance in neighbouring countries. At the political level, UN High Commissioner for Refugees António Guterres was due on Thursday (August 30) to address a closed UN Security Council session on Syria.

Large numbers have crossed into Lebanon to escape the violence in Syria. By the end of August, more than 53,000 Syrians across Lebanon had registered or received appointments to be registered. UNHCR's operations for Syrian refugees in Tripoli and the Bekaa Valley resumed on August 28 after being briefly suspended due to insecurity.

Many of the refugees are staying with host families in some of the poorest areas of Lebanon or in public buildings, including schools. This is a concern as the school year starts soon. UNHCR is urgently looking for alternative shelter. The majority of the people looking for safety in Lebanon are from Homs, Aleppo and Daraa and more than half are aged under 18. As the conflict in Syria continues, the situation of the displaced Syrians in Lebanon remains precarious.

Syrian Refugees in Lebanon

Turkish Camps Provide Shelter to 90,000 Syrian Refugees

By mid-September, more than 200,000 Syrian refugees had crossed the border into Turkey. UNHCR estimates that half of them are children, and many have seen their homes destroyed in the conflict before fleeing to the border and safety.

The Turkish authorities have responded by building well-organized refugee camps along southern Turkey's border with Syria. These have assisted 120,000 refugees since the crisis conflict erupted in Syria. There are currently 12 camps hosting 90,000 refugees, while four more are under construction. The government has spent approximately US$300 million to date, and it continues to manage the camps and provide food and medical services.

The UN refugee agency has provided the Turkish government with tents, blankets and kitchen sets for distribution to the refugees. UNHCR also provides advice and guidelines, while staff from the organization monitor voluntary repatriation of refugees.

Most of the refugees crossing into Turkey come from areas of northern Syria, including the city of Aleppo. Some initially stayed in schools or other public buildings, but they have since been moved into the camps, where families live in tents or container homes and all basic services are available.

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