UNHCR and WFP chiefs praise open border policy for Syrian refugees in Iraq's Kurdistan region

News Stories, 30 August 2013

© UNHCR/S.Baldwin
UN High Commissioner for Refugees, António Guterres, and the Executive Director of World Food Programme, Ertharin Cousin, speak to a Syrian refugee family during their visit to Iraq.

DOMIZ REFUGEE CAMP, Iraq, 30 August (UNHCR) Amid a continuing exodus of Syrians into Iraq's Kurdistan region, the heads of the UN refugee agency and the World Food Programme praised the regional government for giving refuge to almost 200,000 people, including some 47,000 who arrived in the last two weeks.

Despite the burden of accommodating such a large influx of refugees, the regional authorities have opened their border and offered land to accommodate the arriving Syrians in camps.

"This influx represents a huge strain on the economy and infrastructure here, and having a war next door is always a threat," UNHCR chief António Guterres said on Thursday at Domiz Refugee Camp, 70 kilometers from the border with Syria and home to 45,000 refugees.

"I express my deep gratitude to the government and the people of the Kurdistan region who have welcomed so many Syrians in need of protection."

Also addressing reporters following their visit to the camp, Executive Director of the World Food Programme Ertharin Cousin said: "We are here for the people. We will be here for as long as the government of the Kurdistan region continues to support us and as long as the people of Syria need us."

The two officials later visited the Kawergost refugee camp near Erbil, an emergency site set up on a dusty plain to receive the thousands of Syrian refugees who suddenly began arriving two weeks ago. Over 1,200 Syrians streamed across the border on Thursday, arriving at the camp for registration.

Less than half the Syrian refugees live in camps, most preferring urban areas where they can seek work. Citing growing violence and instability compounded by a lack of services, the majority of the refugees fled from Hassake and Aleppo, with smaller numbers from Damascus and Raqqa.

"When a country is physically destroyed, its people dying and fleeing and a state and its services collapsing, the most important thing a neighbour can do is to keep the borders open. The Kurdistan region is an anchor of peace and stability in a very troubled part of the world," said Guterres. He joined Cousin in pledging to mobilize massive international support.

The two officials met the president of the Kurdistan region, Massoud Bazarni, who offered his commitment to continue welcoming Syrians fleeing to his region.

The governor of Erbil, Nawzad Hadi, spoke of the need for camps that can be expanded and equipped for growing numbers and changing weather. He warned: "Time is not our friend. We need to prepare for winter."

The minister of the interior, Karim Sinjari, who also visited the camp, declared his commitment to hosting refugees but noted that resources were stretched and hoped the international community would significantly step up support.

Beyond camp management, UNHCR registers refugees, which provides identification and assessment of individual needs so appropriate services can be provided. UNHCR also coordinates the response of specialized UN and NGO partners. All UNHCR work is done in close coordination with regional authorities.

WFP provides US$31 per month for every family member in the form of food vouchers. "That translates into $10.5 million worth of business to local shops," Cousin said. "Through these vouchers, refugees are providing commerce to these communities while also having access to fresh and nutritious food."

Cousin noted that support from the international community is essential as needs continue to grow. WFP's programme costs US$30 million per week to feed Syrians in Syria and neighbouring countries.

On Wednesday Guterres and Cousin traveled to Iraq's Anbar province and visited the border crossing to Syria. Although the border had been closed for over a year, they were encouraged that officials were considering allowing some vulnerable refugees to enter and establishing a family reunification program.

The UN chiefs noted the Iraqi government had expressed security fears, including the risk of infiltration. But they expressed concern for the people on the other side and hoped the right balance could be found to allow more vulnerable Syrians to enter.

Guterres called the Syria conflict the "worst threat to global peace and security since the last century. We are witnessing death and destruction, the collapse of the state and the enormous suffering of the people."

He noted that all relief agencies are dramatically underfunded at a time when millions of Syrians are in need of humanitarian assistance inside Syria and the number of refugees is fast approaching two million. But both UN officials declared their commitment to helping all Syrians in need.

"We have witnessed in more than two years many dramatic moments and we have always mobilized our resources to respond," Guterres said. "Our commitment is with the victims. Whatever happens, under whatever circumstances, we will be there to reach Syrians needing our assistance."

By Melissa Fleming in Domiz Refugee Camp




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Syrian Refugees in Lebanon

As world concern grows over the plight of hundreds of thousands of displaced Syrians, including more than 200,000 refugees, UNHCR staff are working around the clock to provide vital assistance in neighbouring countries. At the political level, UN High Commissioner for Refugees António Guterres was due on Thursday (August 30) to address a closed UN Security Council session on Syria.

Large numbers have crossed into Lebanon to escape the violence in Syria. By the end of August, more than 53,000 Syrians across Lebanon had registered or received appointments to be registered. UNHCR's operations for Syrian refugees in Tripoli and the Bekaa Valley resumed on August 28 after being briefly suspended due to insecurity.

Many of the refugees are staying with host families in some of the poorest areas of Lebanon or in public buildings, including schools. This is a concern as the school year starts soon. UNHCR is urgently looking for alternative shelter. The majority of the people looking for safety in Lebanon are from Homs, Aleppo and Daraa and more than half are aged under 18. As the conflict in Syria continues, the situation of the displaced Syrians in Lebanon remains precarious.

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Turkish Camps Provide Shelter to 90,000 Syrian Refugees

By mid-September, more than 200,000 Syrian refugees had crossed the border into Turkey. UNHCR estimates that half of them are children, and many have seen their homes destroyed in the conflict before fleeing to the border and safety.

The Turkish authorities have responded by building well-organized refugee camps along southern Turkey's border with Syria. These have assisted 120,000 refugees since the crisis conflict erupted in Syria. There are currently 12 camps hosting 90,000 refugees, while four more are under construction. The government has spent approximately US$300 million to date, and it continues to manage the camps and provide food and medical services.

The UN refugee agency has provided the Turkish government with tents, blankets and kitchen sets for distribution to the refugees. UNHCR also provides advice and guidelines, while staff from the organization monitor voluntary repatriation of refugees.

Most of the refugees crossing into Turkey come from areas of northern Syria, including the city of Aleppo. Some initially stayed in schools or other public buildings, but they have since been moved into the camps, where families live in tents or container homes and all basic services are available.

Turkish Camps Provide Shelter to 90,000 Syrian Refugees

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The violence inside Syria continues to drive people from their homes, with some seeking shelter elsewhere in their country and others risking the crossing into neighbouring countries. The United Nations estimates that up to 4 million people are in need of help, including some 2 million believed to be internally displaced.

The UN refugee agency has 350 staff working inside Syria. Despite the insecurity, they continue to distribute vital assistance in the cities of Damascus, Aleppo, Al Hassakeh and Homs. Thanks to their work and dedication, more than 350,000 people have received non-food items such as blankets, kitchen sets and mattresses. These are essential items for people who often flee their homes with no more than the clothes on their backs. Cash assistance has been given to more than 10,600 vulnerable Syrian families.

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