Some 30,000 Syrians flee to Iraq's Kurdistan region, more expected

News Stories, 20 August 2013

© UNHCR/G.Gubaeva
Syrians who fled across the Peshkhabour border into Kurdistan in northern Iraq walk towards a makeshift reception centre.

GENEVA, 20 August (UNHCR) The UN refugee agency said on Tuesday some 30,000 Syrians had streamed into northern Iraq since last week and thousands more were waiting to enter, fleeing communities across a wide swathe of northern Syria.

"With several tens of thousands of people having crossed since last week, this new exodus from Syria is among the largest we have so far seen during the conflict, which is now into its third year," UNHCR spokesman Dan McNorton told a news briefing.

"As of this morning, a further 2,000-3,000 people were reported waiting close to the Syrian side of the border, and expected to cross today," he said.

On Monday more than 4,800 people entered at Sahela, some 120 kilometres northwest of Mosul. Some were from Malikiyye city in the neighbouring Syrian governorate of al-Hasakah and told UNHCR they had fled an aerial bombardment that morning. Others arriving over the past few days were from further west, including Efrin and Aleppo, plus Al Hasakah and Al Qamishly.

"As well as people who told us they were fleeing recent bombings, others say they were escaping fighting and tension amongst various factions on the ground," McNorton said. "Also cited was the collapse of the economy due to war and the resulting difficulties in caring for their families."

The influx began last Thursday when the Kurdistan Regional Government authorities in northern Iraq suddenly opened access to the temporary Peshkhabour pontoon bridge north of Sahela, allowing several hundred people camped in the area since earlier last week to enter Iraq.

By the following morning thousands of people had swarmed across the swaying bridge over the Tigris. As of Saturday, UNHCR estimates 20,000 Syrians had crossed the Peshkhabour bridge. McNorton said they were followed by another 6,000 people on Sunday when fleeing Syrians were directed to use the Sahela border crossing, south of Peshkhabour.

In response to the influx UNHCR and partner agency teams have erected shelters to provide shade. Water and food distributions have also been set up at crossing points. The International Organization for Migration and the Kurdistan Regional Government have provided buses and trucks to move the thousands of people from the border zone deeper into Iraq.

In Erbil Governorate, further east, UNHCR has established a transit site at Kawergost with 1,100 UNHCR tents along with 200 tents assembled by the International Rescue Committee. The Kawergost transit site, north of Erbil town and in Khabat District, is now sheltering 7,000 to 9,000 Syrians. The President of the Kurdistan Region, Massoud Barzani, visited the transit site yesterday.

Over the past days UNHCR has dispatched more than 90 trucks with aid from Erbil. Relief items distributed include tents, plastic tarpaulins, sleeping mats, blankets, kitchen sets, hygienic supplies, water tanks, portable latrines, portable showers and electric fans. However, because of the scale and speed of the influx, some people at Kawergost still lack tents and have to camp under tarpaulins or other makeshift shelters.

On Monday authorities provided UNHCR with access to a warehouse in Bahrak, which is now used to house 2,500 Syrians. Land has been identified in Erbil's Qusthtapa district for another transit site. As well as those in tents, some 14,000 people are living with host families or are camped at mosques in the Erbil region.

Further to the southeast, at Sulemaniyah, 4,000 people are accommodated temporarily in 11 schools. As in Erbil, a temporary site is being set up. Some 3,000 people who arrived on Monday were transferred to Sulemaniyah.

On the Syrian side, the border at Sahela is controlled by Syrian Kurdish forces. The Kurdistan Regional Government has identified an additional site in Kushtapa where it has indicated UNHCR may establish another transit camp.

To boost stockpiles of rapidly depleting aid supplies within Iraq, UNHCR sent 15 tractor-trailer trucks to northern Iraq from its main regional stockpile in Amman. That shipment, expected to arrive this week, includes more than 3,100 tents, two pre-fabricated warehouses and jerry cans. Additional supplies are currently being organized.

Longer term, in cooperation with the Kurdish Regional Government, UNHCR and its partners are building the Darashakran camp, which is expected to be ready to accommodate refugees within weeks.

UNHCR built Domiz refugee camp near Dohuk, Iraq earlier this year. Domiz, originally constructed to accommodate 15,000 Syrian refugees, is currently overcrowded with more than 55,000 residents meaning new arrivals must be accommodated elsewhere. Prior to this latest influx, UNHCR had registered 155,000 Syrian refugees in Iraq.

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Crisis in Iraq: Displacement

UNHCR and its partners estimate that out of a total population of 26 million, some 1.9 million Iraqis are currently displaced internally and more than 2 million others have fled to nearby countries. While many people were displaced before 2003, increasing numbers of Iraqis are now fleeing escalating sectarian, ethnic and general violence. Since January 2006, UNHCR estimates that more than 800,000 Iraqis have been uprooted and that 40,000 to 50,000 continue to flee their homes every month. UNHCR anticipates there will be approximately 2.3 million internally displaced people within Iraq by the end of 2007. The refugee agency and its partners have provided emergency assistance, shelter and legal aid to displaced Iraqis where security has allowed.

In January 2007, UNHCR launched an initial appeal for US$60 million to fund its Iraq programme. Despite security issues for humanitarian workers inside the country, UNHCR and partners hope to continue helping up to 250,000 of the most vulnerable internally displaced Iraqis and their host communities

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