UNHCR distributes aid to Syrians on Mediterranean island

News Stories, 4 July 2013

© UNHCR Syria
An aid worker checks relief items on one of the boats that brought the UNHCR aid to Arwad Island.

DAMASCUS, Syria, July 4 (UNHCR) Aid provided by the UN refugee agency has been distributed to some of the neediest local and forcibly displaced families among the 10,000 people living on Arwad, Syria's only inhabited Mediterranean island.

The head of the municipality confirmed at the weekend that most of the emergency relief items had been distributed in late June to 119 local families (600 people) and almost 60 families (300 people) who sought shelter on Arwad after fleeing their mainland homes in Homs or Aleppo. All the displaced have been hosted by families living on the island, many of whom are relatives and friends.

The aid items mattresses, sleeping mats, blankets, plastic sheeting, hygiene kits, kitchen sets, jerry cans, nappies for the young and older people, and sanitary napkins were taken on June 23 to the Syrian port of Tartus and then loaded onto three boats for the 20-minute journey to Arwad. They were stored in two empty cafés, which doubled as warehouses and distribution centres. The distribution was conducted by the Syrian Arab Red Crescent.

A small UNHCR team had earlier visited Arwad to assess the needs of people on the island, where the main livelihood is fishing, and to identify those who should receive assistance. They found that hygiene items, including the nappies and sanitary napkins, were in particular demand.

The UNHCR staff also said the economic situation on the small island appeared to have worsened since the Syria crisis began more than two years ago, and the fisheries industry has suffered due to the insecurity.

Elsewhere in Syria, UNHCR has for the first time sent life-saving medicine to East Ansari, a densely populated area of eastern Aleppo that has been out of governmental control since the beginning of the crisis. The medicine was delivered last Thursday to the Al Zarzour Hospital by the Syrian Arab Red Crescent on two trucks.

The medicine will be used for emergencies and to treat more than 6,000 people suffering from chronic diseases. The Al Zarzour hospital is one of the few still functioning in Aleppo, Syria's second largest city. The medical infrastructure in Aleppo, particularly in contested areas, has been seriously impacted by the conflict.

"The general humanitarian situation in Aleppo is very bad, but the health situation is particularly serious. Many public hospitals are not functioning," said Tarik Kurdi, UNHCR's representative in Syria. The delivery was made possible after discussions with the government, the Syrian Arab Red Crescent and all other parties in the area. Turki said that while the delivery of medicine was welcome, "this assistance is far from being enough. We need and we are trying to have more convoys of this type."

In the meantime, UNHCR is continuing the distribution of cash assistance to the most vulnerable displaced families. After Damascus and Tartus earlier this year, UNHCR started last week the distribution of cash assistance for the first time to displaced families in the cities of Homs and in Qamishly.

Over three days last week, UNHCR gave cheques to 394 particularly vulnerable families (more than 2,000 people) staying in collective centres in conflict-ravaged Homs. Most were worth US$150. In total, UNHCR plans to support 15,000 vulnerable families in Homs this year, if security conditions permit.

In Qamishly, UNHCR has since last week given cash grants to more than 10,000 people (1,895 families). The cash distribution will continue this week and help up to 4,000 displaced families. The objective for the year is to help up to 20,000 families in Qamishly and Hassakeh governorate.

Cash assistance complements the standard emergency relief packages that UNHCR is providing to displaced families. In Hassakeh, however, the delivery of material assistance has been so difficult that UNHCR is planning to give cash assistance to all displaced families to ensure that they can meet their most urgent needs.

So far this year, UNHCR assistance has reached more than 1.2 million displaced Syrians across all 14 governorates of the country.

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Cold, Uncomfortable and Hungry in Calais

For years, migrants and asylum-seekers have flocked to the northern French port of Calais in hopes of crossing the short stretch of sea to find work and a better life in England. This hope drives many to endure squalid, miserable conditions in makeshift camps, lack of food and freezing temperatures. Some stay for months waiting for an opportunity to stow away on a vehicle making the ferry crossing.

Many of the town's temporary inhabitants are fleeing persecution or conflict in countries such as Afghanistan, Eritrea, Iraq, Sudan and Syria. And although these people are entitled to seek asylum in France, the country's lack of accommodation, administrative hurdles and language barrier, compel many to travel on to England where many already have family waiting.

With the arrival of winter, the crisis in Calais intensifies. To help address the problem, French authorities have opened a day centre as well as housing facilities for women and children. UNHCR is concerned with respect to the situation of male migrants who will remain without shelter solutions. Photographer Julien Pebrel recently went to Calais to document their lives in dire sites such as the Vandamme squat and next to the Tioxide factory.

Cold, Uncomfortable and Hungry in Calais

Abdu finds his voice in Germany

When bombs started raining down on Aleppo, Syria, in 2012, the Khawan family had to flee. According to Ahmad, the husband of Najwa and father of their two children, the town was in ruins within 24 hours.

The family fled to Lebanon where they shared a small flat with Ahmad's two brothers and sisters and their children. Ahmad found sporadic work which kept them going, but he knew that in Lebanon his six-year-old son, Abdu, who was born deaf, would have little chance for help.

The family was accepted by Germany's Humanitarian Assistance Programme and resettled into the small central German town of Wächtersbach, near Frankfurt am Main. Nestled in a valley between two mountain ranges and a forest, the village has an idyllic feel.

A year on, Abdu has undergone cochlear implant surgery for the second time. He now sports two new hearing aids which, when worn together, allow him to hear 90 per cent. He has also joined a regular nursery class, where he is learning for the first time to speak - German in school and now Arabic at home. Ahmed is likewise studying German in a nearby village, and in two months he will graduate with a language certificate and start looking for work. He says that he is proud at how quickly Abdu is learning and integrating.

Abdu finds his voice in Germany

A Teenager in Exile

Like fathers and sons everywhere, Fewaz and Malak sometimes struggle to coexist. A new haircut and a sly cigarette are all it takes to raise tensions in the cramped apartment they currently call home. But, despite this, a powerful bond holds them together: refugees from Syria, they have been stranded for almost a year in an impoverished neighbourhood of Athens.

They fled their home with the rest of the family in the summer of 2012, after war threw their previously peaceful life into turmoil. From Turkey, they made several perilous attempts to enter Greece.

Thirteen-year-old Malak was the first to make it through the Evros border crossing. But Fewaz, his wife and their two other children were not so lucky at sea, spending their life savings on treacherous voyages on the Mediterranean only to be turned back by the Greek coastguard.

Finally, on their sixth attempt, the rest of the family crossed over at Evros. While his wife and two children travelled on to Germany, Fewaz headed to Athens to be reunited with Malak.

"When I finally saw my dad in Athens, I was so happy that words can't describe," says Malak. However, the teenager is haunted by the possibility of losing his father again. "I am afraid that if my dad is taken, what will I do without him?"

Until the family can be reunited, Malak and his father are determined to stick together. The boy is learning to get by in Greek. And Fewaz is starting to get used to his son's haircut.

A Teenager in Exile

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