Number of refugees from Central African Republic approaches 40,000 mark

News Stories, 5 April 2013

© UNHCR/D.Mbaiorem
Refugees from Central African Republic wait for food and non-food items at a distribution in Mobayi-Mbongo, Democratic Republic of the Congo.

GENEVA, April 5 (UNHCR) The UN refugee agency on Friday reported that the number of civilians fleeing instability in Central African Republican has risen to almost 40,000 and people continue to cross borders and seek shelter in neighbouring countries.

"Over the last two weeks our offices have reported fresh arrivals into Chad, Cameroon and Democratic Republic of the Congo. In all, and since the conflict began last December, there are now 37,000 CAR [Central African Republic] refugees in the region," UNHCR spokesman Adrian Edwards told journalists in Geneva.

The refugees are mainly from the CAR capital, Bangui, as well as the cities of Bangassou, Rifai and Zemio in the south-eastern part of the country bordering Democratic Republic of the Congo (DRC).

Since December, more than 30,800 refugees have found asylum in northern DRC. Chad has received 5,600 CAR refugees and 1,024 arrivals have been registered in Cameroon.

Edwards said the needs of these refugees were significant. "Many left their homes in a hurry and were unable to bring personal belongings with them. People are either without places to live or being accommodated by local families who themselves live in extreme poverty," he explained.

UNHCR is working with the authorities in all three receiving countries to provide protection and assistance. "Our teams across the region are registering the refugees, distributing aid and setting up emergency shelters. We are also working with our humanitarian partners to provide health and education support wherever possible. This is often in remote and hard to reach locations," Edwards said.

In Chad, UNHCR has helped transfer refugees away from the border to Moro, a camp already hosting refugees from CAR.

The UNHCR spokesman said the agency had so far managed to help more than 26,750 people in northern Democratic Republic of the Congo. Those in Equateur province are in one camp and 19 temporary sites. In the area of Zongo, across the Oubangui River from Bangui, UNHCR is planning to expand the Worobe camp.

"Further north in Inke, North Oubangi District, our colleagues have also begun clearing 400 hectares of land given by the authorities to create initial capacity for at least 10,000 refugees," Edwards said, adding that "by moving refugees into camps we hope to improve the situation. Currently, people are scattered along a 600-kilometre stretch of the CAR border, making it hard to meet their needs."

The areas where refugees are located lack basic infrastructure. Health centres are short of medicine and qualified medical staff. On March 29, for example, an infant died from internal bleeding in Mobayi General Hospital because she could not be attended to in time.

Further east, in Orientale Province, UNHCR is running a main transit centre at Bondo but plans to build six additional ones and rehabilitate another.

Meanwhile the situation remains volatile in CAR, where another 173,000 civilians have been uprooted by the recent violence. Before the March 24 coup, there were 187,889 CAR refugees in neighbouring countries.




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Portraits of Darfur's Refugees

Nearly 200,000 refugees, the majority of them women and children, have fled across the border from Sudan into Chad since the outbreak of conflict in Sudan's Darfur region in March 2003. The refugees have left behind their homes and often loved ones in Darfur, where militias have reportedly killed and raped villagers, looted and burned houses and possessions and driven people from their homes.

Most of the refugees in eastern Chad are sheltered in 11 camps established by the United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees, where they receive humanitarian aid, shelter, water and basic services.

Life in the camps is not easy in the desert environment of eastern Chad, where water and firewood are extremely scarce. Sandstorms are a regular feature during the dry months and torrential rains flood the landscape in the wet season.

Yet in the faces of the refugees, dignity and hope remain in spite of the hardships and the violence they have suffered.

Portraits of Darfur's Refugees

Chad: Relocation from the Border to Refugee Camps

Since fighting broke out in Sudan's western region of Darfur last year, more than 110,000 Sudanese refugees have fled into Chad. They are scattered along a 600-km stretch of desert borderland under a scorching sun during the day and freezing temperatures during the night.

Access to these refugees in this inhospitable region is difficult. Staff of the UN refugee agency drive for days to locate them. Bombing in the border zone and cross-border raids by militia from Sudan put the refugees at risk and underscore the urgent need to move them to camps in the interior. In addition, the approach of the rainy season in May will make the sandy roads impassable. Aid workers are racing against time in an attempt bring emergency relief to these refugees.

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UNHCR/Partners Bring Aid to North Kivu

As a massive food distribution gets underway in six UNHCR-run camps for tens of thousands of internally displaced Congolese in North Kivu, the UN refugee agency continues to hand out desperately needed shelter and household items.

A four-truck UNHCR convoy carrying 33 tonnes of various aid items, including plastic sheeting, blankets, kitchen sets and jerry cans crossed Wednesday from Rwanda into Goma, the capital of the conflict-hit province in eastern Democratic Republic of the Congo (DRC). The aid, from regional emergency stockpiles in Tanzania, was scheduled for immediate distribution. The supplies arrived in Goma as the World Food Programme (WFP), with assistance from UNHCR, began distributing food to some 135,000 displaced people in the six camps run by the refugee agency near Goma.

More than 250,000 people have been displaced since the fighting resumed in August in North Kivu. Estimates are that there are now more than 1.3 million displaced people in this province alone.

Posted on 6 November 2008

UNHCR/Partners Bring Aid to North Kivu

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