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Brazil to step up efforts to integrate refugees; reaffirms support for UNHCR

News Stories, 8 August 2011

© UNHCR/L.F.Godinho
High Commissioner António Guterres talks with refugees from several nations at a cultural centre in Brasilia.

BRASILIA, Brazil, August 8 (UNHCR) The Brazilian government has pledged to increase funding for civil society initiatives to integrate refugees and reaffirmed its support for UNHCR operations worldwide.

Foreign Minister Antonio Patriota, after meeting with UN High Commissioner for Refugees António Guterres in Brasilia last week, said UNHCR had an "important agenda that deals with an enormous and growing problem." He added that Brazil "wants to participate in this effort of humanitarian assistance."

Senior Brazilian officials also told Guterres that the government will soon table a draft bill on statelessness and start the process of ratifying the 1990 UN Convention on the Protection of the Rights of All Migrant Workers and Members of their Families, which would benefit refugees and asylum-seekers.

Deputy Justice Minister Luiz Paulo Barreto handed Guterres a copy of the draft legislation, which will provide the mechanism for Brazil to implement the 1954 UN Convention relating to the Status of Stateless Persons. Under the bill, registered stateless people will be issued with Brazilian ID cards and be eligible for a permanent visa after residing for four years in the country.

"This is great news," Guterres said after his meetings in Brasilia. He added that initiatives such as the draft statelessness bill and ratification of the migrants convention "will complete an important legal framework for the protection of foreigners in general, and refugees in particular."

During his three-day stay, the High Commissioner also met male and female refugees living in Brazil, which provides shelter to more than 4,400 refugees from 77 different nationalities. Brazil is also one of the few countries in the world that offers resettlement to refugees.

The refugees from Asia, South America, Africa and the Caribbean told their visitor about the integration challenges they face in Brazil, including finding employment, becoming self-sufficient, obtaining decent housing, access to education and more.

"Their stories make clear that Brazil has some of the most advanced refugee legislation in the world, in terms of protection and rights. But complex integration problems persist within Brazilian society," Guterres noted.

He added that UNHCR welcomed the government's decision to increase the budget for local integration initiatives, saying that this would help make the integration of refugees in Brazilian society "more harmonious."

Guterres also participated in a conference at the Universidade de Brasilia, where he called for "a social mobilization against xenophobia, racism and intolerance," which he said were among the main threats to the protection of refugees on a global scale.

Meanwhile Barreto, who also heads Brazil's National Committee for Refugees, said that continuing forced displacement crises in the world "confirms the necessity of having a strong UNHCR, as well as the need of internal legal systems to grant international protection."

By Luiz Fernando Godinho in Brasilia, Brazil

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The High Commissioner

António Guterres, who joined UNHCR on June 15, 2005, is the UN refugee agency's 10th High Commissioner.

Statelessness among Brazilian Expats

Irina was born in 1998 in Switzerland, daughter of a Brazilian mother and her Swiss boyfriend. Soon afterwards, her mother Denise went to the Brazilian Consulate in Geneva to get a passport for Irina. She was shocked when consular officials told her that under a 1994 amendment to the constitution, children born overseas to Brazilians could not automatically gain citizenship. To make matters worse,the new-born child could not get the nationality of her father at birth either. Irina was issued with temporary travel documents and her mother was told she would need to sort out the problem in Brazil.

In the end, it took Denise two years to get her daughter a Brazilian birth certificate, and even then it was not regarded as proof of nationality by the authorities. Denise turned for help to a group called Brasileirinhos Apátridas (Stateless Young Brazilians), which was lobbying for a constitutional amendment to guarantee nationality for children born overseas with at least one Brazilian parent.

In 2007, Brazil's National Congress approved a constitutional amendment that dropped the requirement of residence in Brazil for receiving citizenship. In addition to benefitting Irina, the law helped an estimated 200,000 children, who would have otherwise been left stateless and without many of thebasic rights that citizens enjoy. Today, children born abroad to Brazilian parents receive Brazilian nationality provided that they are registered with the Brazilian authorities, or they take up residence in Brazil and opt for Brazilian nationality.

"As a mother it was impossible to accept that my daughter wasn't considered Brazilian like me and her older brother, who was also born in Switzerland before the 1994 constitutional change," said Denise. "For me, the fact that my daughter would depend on a tourist visa to live in Brazil was an aberration."

Irina shares her mother's discomfort. "It's quite annoying when you feel you belong to a country and your parents only speak to you in that country's language, but you can't be recognized as a citizen of that country. It feels like they are stealing your childhood," the 12-year-old said.

Statelessness among Brazilian Expats

2013 UNHCR Nansen Refugee Award

UN High Commissioner for Refugees António Guterres presented Sister Angélique Namaika of the Democratic Republic of the Congo (DRC) with the prestigious Nansen Refugee Award at a gala ceremony in Geneva on Monday night.

Sister Angélique, through her Centre for Reintegration and Development, has helped transform the lives of more than 2,000 women and girls who had been forced from their homes and abused by fighters of the Lord's Resistance Army (LRA) or other armed groups. Many of those she helps suffered abduction, forced labour, beatings, murder, rape or other human rights abuses.

The Roman Catholic nun helps survivors to heal by offering them the chance to learn a trade, start a small business or go to school. Testimonies from these women show the remarkable effect she has had on helping turn around their lives, with many affectionately calling her "mother."

The Award ceremony featured a keynote speech from best-selling author Paulo Coelho and musical performances by singer-songwriter Dido, Malaysian singer-songwriter Yuna and Grammy-nominated Malian musicians, Amadou and Mariam.

2013 UNHCR Nansen Refugee Award

UNHCR chief meets Malian refugees in Burkina Faso

On 1 August, UN High Commissioner for Refugees António Guterres travelled to northern Burkina Faso with the United States' Assistant Secretary of State for the Bureau of Population, Refugees and Migration (BRPM), Anne Richard. In Damba camp, they met with Malian refugees who had fled northern Mali in the past six months to escape the ongoing conflict and political instability. To date, more than 250,000 Malian refugees have fled their homes and found refuge in neighbouring countries, including 107,000 in Burkina Faso alone. The UN refugee agency has only received one-third of the US$153 million it needs to provide life-saving assistance such as shelter, water, sanitation, health services, nutrition and protection to the refugees. UNHCR fears that the volatile political and humanitarian situation in Mali could lead to further outflows to neighbouring countries.

UNHCR chief meets Malian refugees in Burkina Faso

Iraq: High Commissioner visits Arbat campPlay video

Iraq: High Commissioner visits Arbat camp

Concluding a visit to Iraq, UNHCR chief António Guterres met with Syrian refugees in Arbat camp in the Kurdistan region. Guterres noted the recent proliferation of humanitarian crises, but urged the international community not to forget about Syria, "the mega protracted crisis of our times."
Iraq: High Commissioner visits displaced IraqisPlay video

Iraq: High Commissioner visits displaced Iraqis

This week UN High Commissioner for Refugees António Guterres is visiting Iraq to meet with families displaced by conflict in recent weeks. After listening to accounts of their difficult journeys to safety, Guterres called for more support to help deal with the crisis. He will also visit some of the 300,000 Syrian refugees currently living in camps in northern Iraq.
Jordan: UNHCR and Host Countries Discuss SyriaPlay video

Jordan: UNHCR and Host Countries Discuss Syria

UN High Commissioner for Refugees António Guterres meets in Jordan's Za'atari refugee camp with leaders of countries hosting Syrian refugees in the region. He again urged the international community to do more to help these countries shoulder the burden.