UNHCR and partners lobby for joint European resettlement scheme

News Stories, 17 May 2010

© UNHCR/H.Davies
These Ethiopian refugees are receiving a language lesson after being resettled in the United Kingdom.

BRUSSELS, Belgium, May 17 (UNHCR) UNHCR's joint bid to get European countries to adopt a common resettlement programme for refugees has gathered momentum this month with a wide cross-section of parliamentarians calling for a significant increase in the number of refugees resettled to the EU.

The show of support came during a meeting last Wednesday in the European Parliament to mark an "Awareness Day on Refugees and Resettlement." The debate also showed that most Euro MPs are more influenced by personal encounters with those in need of protection than by figures.

UNHCR's Vincent Cochetel, noting that resettlement was about "saving people whom we cannot protect where they are," told the meeting participants that files on 128,000 people were submitted by UNHCR to resettlement countries last year.

Some 84,000 of them were accepted by 26 countries, said Cochetel, who heads UNHCR's resettlement service. But only 6,800 were offered a new start in European countries, compared to 62,000 accepted by the United States.

The refugee agency estimates that up to 750,000 refugees will be in need of resettlement over the next couple of years in the absence of possibilities to settle in their first country of asylum or to return home safely. This represents about 6 per cent of the world's refugee population.

Several participants at Wednesday's meeting said their support for resettlement in Europe had been strengthened after listening to testimony from refugees or meeting them during fact-finding missions to host countries.

Rui Tavares, an independent Euro MP from Portugal, described a field mission to meet Iraqi and Palestinian refugees in Syria this year as a "journey of hope." Meanwhile, Akoi Bazzie, a former Liberian refugee who has been helping refugees since being resettled to the United Kingdom in 2004, told the meeting: "What they want most is to return to society what it gave to them."

The European Commission (EC) earlier this year proposed a joint EU resettlement programme. Although participation will still be voluntary, it could step up the momentum in resettlement. The European Parliament's Committee on Civilian Liberties, Justice and Home Affairs is recommending that a permanent resettlement unit be created within the EC and that the Commission's financial support for resettlement be increased.

The Euro MPs taking part in last week's meeting agreed that it was necessary for EU member states to approach resettlement jointly and based on common criteria. They also agreed that the successful integration of resettled refugees depended on the active participation of the local population and officials.

UNHCR has been lobbying for a common EU resettlement programme for years and Cochetel said he was encouraged at the increasing willingness of member states to accept refugees who cannot return to their home countries or safely settle elsewhere. But he added that "what is still missing is a unified strategic approach."

The EU has been examining resettlement as a protection tool for the past six years. UNHCR, along with the International Organization for Migration (IOM) and other partners, has facilitated these discussions at meetings around Europe and lobbied for a comprehensive and joint policy and for more resettlement places. UNHCR has also organized fact-finding missions for Euro MPs so they could meet vulnerable refugees and assess their situation first hand.

Following an EU fact-finding mission to Syria, EU member states in 2008 agreed to resettle up to 10,000 refugees from Iraq. That same year an Emergency Transit Centre was opened in Romania for urgent resettlement cases.

By Melita H. Sunjic in Brussels, Belgium

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EU Asylum Law and Policy

EU law and practice affects creation of refugee protection mechanisms in other countries.

Advocacy

Advocacy is a key element in UNHCR activities to protect people of concern.

Resettlement

An alternative for those who cannot go home, made possible by UNHCR and governments.

UNHCR Resettlement Handbook and Country Chapters

July 2011 edition of the UNHCR Resettlement Handbook.

UNHCR's Recommendations to Poland for its EU Presidency

July-December 2011. Also available in Spanish on Refworld.

Statistics

Trends on asylum and protection in EU Member States.

EU Instruments

UNHCR's regularly comments on key EU Regulations and Directives relating to asylum.

UNHCR Projects

UNHCR has numerous projects with EU Member States to improve the quality of asylum.

Judicial Engagement

UNHCR expertise helps courts interpret legislation in accordance with international asylum law.

Resettlement

The significance of resettlement as a durable solution is increasing in the EU.

Integration (refugee rights) and Family Reunification

Integration is a two-way process requiring efforts by the host societies as well as the refugees.

Border Cooperation

UNHCR is lobbying for protection-sensitive border management.

Asylum Practice

UNHCR is monitoring asylum practice and whether it is consistent with the 1951 Convention.

Practical cooperation

UNHCR is promoting and supporting cooperation with EU Member States and EASO.

Working with the European Union

EU law and practice affects creation of refugee protection mechanisms in other countries.

Groups of Concern

UNHCR expects Member States to pay particular attention to asylum seekers and refugees with specific needs.

Statelessness in Europe

UNHCR engages with EU Member States to identify and resolve the problems of stateless persons.

UNHCR Central Mediterranean Sea Initiative (CMSI)

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Related Internet Links

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Resettlement from Tunisia's Choucha Camp

Between February and October 2011, more than 1 million people crossed into Tunisia to escape conflict in Libya. Most were migrant workers who made their way home or were repatriated, but the arrivals included refugees and asylum-seekers who could not return home or live freely in Tunisia.

UNHCR has been trying to find solutions for these people, most of whom ended up in the Choucha Transit Camp near Tunisia's border with Libya. Resettlement remains the most viable solution for those registered as refugees at Choucha before a cut-off date of December 1, 2011.

As of late April, 14 countries had accepted 2,349 refugees for resettlement, 1,331 of whom have since left Tunisia. The rest are expected to leave Choucha later this year. Most have gone to Australia, Norway and the United States. But there are a more than 2,600 refugees and almost 140 asylum-seekers still in the camp. UNHCR continues to advocate with resettlement countries to find solutions for them.

Resettlement from Tunisia's Choucha Camp

A Place to Call Home(Part 2): 1996 - 2003

This gallery highlights the history of UNHCR's efforts to help some of the world's most disenfranchised people to find a place called home, whether through repatriation, resettlement or local integration.

After decades of hospitality after World War II, as the global political climate changed and the number of people cared for by UNHCR swelled from around one million in 1951, to more than 27 million people in the mid-1990s, the welcome mat for refugees was largely withdrawn.

Voluntary repatriation has become both the preferred and only practical solution for today's refugees. In fact, the great majority of them choose to return to their former homes, though for those who cannot do so for various reasons, resettlement in countries like the United States and Australia, and local integration within regions where they first sought asylum, remain important options.

This gallery sees Rwandans returning home after the 1994 genocide; returnees to Kosovo receiving reintegration assistance; Guatemalans obtaining land titles in Mexico; and Afghans flocking home in 2003 after decades in exile.

A Place to Call Home(Part 2): 1996 - 2003

Drifting Towards Italy

Every year, Europe's favourite summer playground - the Mediterranean Sea - turns into a graveyard as hundreds of men, women and children drown in a desperate bid to reach European Union (EU) countries.

The Italian island of Lampedusa is just 290 kilometres off the coast of Libya. In 2006, some 18,000 people crossed this perilous stretch of sea - mostly on inflatable dinghies fitted with an outboard engine. Some were seeking employment, others wanted to reunite with family members and still others were fleeing persecution, conflict or indiscriminate violence and had no choice but to leave through irregular routes in their search for safety.

Of those who made it to Lampedusa, some 6,000 claimed asylum. And nearly half of these were recognized as refugees or granted some form of protection by the Italian authorities.

In August 2007, the authorities in Lampedusa opened a new reception centre to ensure that people arriving by boat or rescued at sea are received in a dignified way and are provided with adequate accommodation and medical facilities.

Drifting Towards Italy

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