Q&A: Norwegian bikes to South Africa for refugee awareness in run-up to World Cup

News Stories, 28 October 2009

© UNHCR / S.Hopper
On Your Bike: Bjorn Heidenstrom leaves UNHCR's headquarters in Geneva for Lyon en route to South Africa and the World Cup.

GENEVA, October 28 (UNHCR) Football is in Bjorn Heidenstrom's blood. He used to play professionally in his native Norway and in the United Kingdom. The 41-year-old marketing and media manager for Norwegian Premier League team Valerenga is also a humanitarian. Earlier this year, he set out by bicycle from Norway en route for South Africa, which he plans to reach in time for next June's 2010 World Cup. Heidenstrom will be raising awareness about refugees as well as collecting signed football shirts from professional and amateur clubs in the countries along his route. These will be used to make the world's largest football shirt, which will be displayed in South Africa. Earlier this week, he paid an impromptu visit to the Geneva headquarters of the UN refugee agency. Before heading off to his next stop, Lyon in France, Heidenstrom talked about his grand bike tour to UNHCR's Haude Morel, Jeremy Bogen and Leo Dobbs: Excerpts from the interview:

Why refugees?

The most focused thing in my brain was refugees, it's very easy to absorb. Many of them lost kids, I have kids; many of them lost their parents, I'm a parent. Photographs I see make it so easy for me to take it in and say, "Hey, that's the most important thing in the world where I can help bring some change and spread some awareness." Also, my kids are in school and they come to me and say, "Hey, refugees, Daddy."

How did you come up with the ideas for a bike ride and football shirts?

In my first job as marketing manager at a premier league club, we got a lot of sponsors' money, bought four players and then the money was gone. That was fun. But then a very good friend told me how I could use the football arena, the football family, to spread values or to change mindsets about values.

Then I started thinking of some cause to promote. In Norway, we have a big tradition of exploration and the best known adventurer of all is Fridtjof Nansen [the late polar explorer and first High Commissioner for Refugees].

One evening, I mused that the only place you could find grown-up lads, tattooed, crying together, singing together and hugging each other, was in a football stadium. They do it because they are tribe members and they follow a shirt with a logo on it, such as a red one for Liverpool, or a black-and-white one for Newcastle and so on. I thought, what if I take that symbol, those colours, that shirt and I sew it together with another shirt and another shirt and make the world's biggest football shirt? Then, what if I expose that shirt during the World Cup football tournament with 900 million people watching? That would be good exposure, bring a lot of attention to the symbol or cause. I thought of the football family standing together and thinking about refugees, caring about refugees, spreading awareness about refugees.

That's a good idea, I thought, so I called a friend on the South African World Cup Committee. And he says, "Yeah I like it, I am going to speak with the big guys in the committee." He came back and said: "They like it what are you planning to do?"... I said "I'll cycle. I'll cycle through all of these football countries and collect football shirts from fans and players." I thought that a man on a bike, uniting the football fraternity to support this symbol [of the shirt] for the refugee cause will get a lot of media attention.

You started cycling on World Refugee Day. Tell us about your progress.

I started on World Refugee Day [June 20] in front of the Nobel Peace Centre in Oslo. And I've been through Sweden, Finland, Russia and many more this is Day 129. And it's been working. Sir Elton John signed a jersey of his favourite team, Watford, and said, "I want to be a part of this project." Then we got Iron Maiden, the heavy metal group; then we got Liverpool and Manchester United. But for me the coolest part has been the small boys' and girls' team, or fans, saying they want to be a part of this by sending in their signed old football shirts. So far, it looks like some 20 million people have heard about my trip from the media.

I should mention here that the start group for me was the [UNHCR partner] Norwegian Refugee Council, who basically said to me three years ago, we need more attention... Now we are getting more and more support and attention. For example, a few days ago when I was heading for France, I got the message that I must cycle to Zurich to meet Sepp Blatter, the president of FIFA. I was told, "He wants to give you his signed shirt, shake your hand." That was a good day for the project, it's like meeting Obama. After him, a message came from Nyon, the headquarters of UEFA. Michel Platini did the same. These two are very important for the football family.

Then I came to this building [UNHCR]... I've asked staff here to help me improve the communications side of things; what buzzwords should I use, what slogans, what should be the focus. I've told people to regard me as a remote-controlled cyclist. They should tell me "go there, say this, wear this." I've also been given advice about how to use Twitter in the best way.

How many countries have you visited so far?

Fourteen or 15 in Europe. My plan is simple: I cycle to places where I can find football friends and football shirts. Next I will go to Spain, Portugal, Italy, ex-Yugoslavia... I first travelled to countries where I knew people well Norway, Sweden and Finland. Then I went to Russia because it was a place where Nansen helped millions of people [as League of Nations High Commissioner for Refugees during the 1921-22 famine]. I went to Great Britain in time for the start of the football season.

Will you be cycling down through Africa?

Yes, but this is not about me being a tough guy who can cycle far and wide. I would love to borrow a helicopter if someone has one. This is about building the symbol, building the attention and awareness... The nature of the trip will change when I come to Africa. In Europe it is about uniting football people, travelling down though Africa I will become an eyewitness [to the lives and suffering of refugees and other forcibly displaced people].

I will go through Egypt and then Sudan. I'm going almost in a straight line. Then Kenya... I have friends in Sudan who will help me and I am also asking UNHCR where they want me to go, where is secure and where is not. Where are the friends who can help me, so I can be a good eyewitness. I need help with intelligence on how to operate and be secure, and how to do the right things... At the moment, I know that Rwanda may be possible; the [Democratic Republic of the] Congo is difficult, but I have asked UNHCR to please help with that. If UNHCR or the Norwegian Refugee Council tell me not to go somewhere, then I won't.

I've spent a lot of time gathering information about what to eat, shelter, security and all the vaccination shots I need, all the back-up. I'm very, very humble about the situation.

What type of equipment will you be taking?

I got a bike as a gift from Hyundai. The first one was stolen in Amsterdam and I had to wait for two days to get a new one. I have a trailer where I keep communications equipment, which means a laptop. I have my tent, my sleeping bag, things to eat and things that need to be kept secure. I have no back-up team, but I'm used to the outdoors life in Norway, where I grew up with nature, hunting and fishing.




UNHCR country pages

A World Cup Goal

Cycling for refugees

South Africa's Invisible People

In March 2011, UNHCR initiated a project with the South African non-governmental organization, Lawyers for Human Rights (LHR), to tackle the issue of statelessness. The specific goals of the project were to provide direct legal services to stateless people and those at risk of statelessness; to engage government on the need for legal reform to prevent and reduce statelessness; to raise awareness about stateless people and their rights; and to advocate for the ratification of the 1954 and 1961 UN conventions on statelessness.

LHR had conceived the project a year earlier after noticing that large numbers of Zimbabwean-born asylum-seekers were telling its staff that they faced problems getting jobs, studying or setting up businesses - all allowed under South African law. They told LHR that when they applied for Zimbabwean passports, necessary to access these rights, they were informed by consular officials that they were no longer recognized as Zimbabwean citizens. This effectively made them stateless.

Since the project's inception, LHR has reached more than 2,000 people who are stateless or at risk of statelessness. These people came from more than 20 different countries. It has identified numerous categories of concern in South Africa, both migrants and those born in the country.

The following photo set portrays some of the people who have been, or are being, helped by the project. The portraits were taken by photographer Daniel Boshoff. Some of the subjects asked that their names be changed.

South Africa's Invisible People

South Africa: Searching for Coexistence

South Africa is one of the few countries in Africa where registered refugees and asylum-seekers can legally move about freely, access social services and compete with locals for jobs.

But while these right are enshrined in law, in practice they are sometimes ignored and refugees and asylum-seekers often find themselves turned away by employers or competing with the poorest locals for the worst jobs - especially in the last few years, as millions have fled political and economic woes in countries like Zimbabwe. The global economic downturn has not helped.

Over the last decade, when times turned tough, refugees in towns and cities sometimes became the target of the frustrations of locals. In May 2008, xenophobic violence erupted in Johannesburg and quickly spread to other parts of the country, killing more than 60 people and displacing about 100,000 others.

In Atteridgeville, on the edge of the capital city of Pretoria - and site of some of the worst violence - South African and Somali traders, assisted by UNHCR, negotiated a detailed agreement to settle the original trade dispute that led to the torching of Somali-run shops. The UN refugee agency also supports work by the Nelson Mandela Foundation to counter xenophobia.

South Africa: Searching for Coexistence

The Reality of Return in Afghanistan

Beyond the smiles of homecoming lie the harsh realities of return. With more than 5 million Afghans returning home since 2002, Afghanistan's absorption capacity is reaching saturation point.

Landmine awareness training at UNHCR's encashment centres – their first stop after returning from decades in exile – is a sombre reminder of the immense challenges facing this war-torn country. Many returnees and internally displaced Afghans are struggling to rebuild their lives. Some are squatting in tents in the capital, Kabul. Basic needs like shelter, land and safe drinking water are seldom met. Jobs are scarce, and long queues of men looking for work are a common sight in marketplaces.

Despite the obstacles, their spirit is strong. Returning Afghans – young and old, women and men – seem determined to do their bit for nation building, one brick at a time.

Posted on 31 January 2008

The Reality of Return in Afghanistan

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