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Author Khaled Hosseini says peace vital for sustainable return of Afghan refugees

News Stories, 15 September 2009

© Barat Ali Batoor (UNAMA)
Let's Go Fly a Kite: Khaled Hosseini at the kite-flying event in Kabul.

KABUL, Afghanistan, September 15 (UNHCR) Acclaimed American author Khaled Hosseini wrapped up a visit to his native Afghanistan on Tuesday by highlighting the need for peace to ensure the safe and sustainable return of forcibly displaced Afghan civilians.

"Finding long-term solutions to the Afghan refugee situation, including their sustainable return and successful reintegration, is directly linked to peace and stability across the country," said the former refugee, who was making his second trip here as a Goodwill Envoy to the UNHCR office in the United States.

During his five-day visit, Hosseini met with returnees and displaced Afghans around Kabul and in nearby Parwan province, where the author of The Kite Runner and A Thousand Splendid Suns visited UNHCR shelter and reintegration projects.

Hosseini also took part on Monday in a kite-flying festival held on Kabul's Tapa Marajan Hill as part of events linked to the coming International Peace Day on September 21. The UN refugee agency produced more than 2,500 kites for the Kabul event and smaller ones around the country. Hundreds of children and adults, many of them returned refugees, took part in the festival.

In Kabul and Parwan, Hosseini talked to returnees and internally displaced Afghans about the challenges they face. They included Azizullah, who left Kabul in 2005 and moved 70 kilometres north to Parwan's Beneworsik area, where the government has recently allocated home plots for landless returnees.

"After years of having lived in barren stretches of desert [in Beneworsik], I'm only now able to live with my family in a proper shelter," said Azizullah, referring to his new home built with materials provided by UNHCR.

After almost 30 years of conflict, peace is what all Afghans wish for. Bringing closure to the refugee chapter cannot be achieved without
it.

Author Khaled Hosseini

Hosseini noted that security conditions in many parts of Afghanistan, especially in the south and south-east, remain a major obstacle to repatriation. This is particularly true for the hundreds of thousands of refugees still in Pakistan after fleeing fighting in the 1980s and 1990s.

"After almost 30 years of conflict, peace is what all Afghans wish for. Bringing closure to the refugee chapter cannot be achieved without it," noted Hosseini. "Operational space is shrinking. It's also becoming more challenging for humanitarian agencies to meet the essential needs of the most vulnerable people in conflict-affected areas."

Insecurity has greatly hampered the ability of agencies like UNHCR to provide assistance to those who need it most. It has also caused some returnees to leave their homes again.

The protracted conflict has gravely affected socio-economic conditions and opportunities in Afghanistan. Many Afghan refugees in Iran and Pakistan who are considering repatriation say they are discouraged by the lack of jobs and basic services.

These realities are reflected in this year's reduced repatriation figures. Since 2002, more than 4.3 million Afghans have returned home with UNHCR's assistance. But this year, the annual figure has only recently passed 52,000.

Hosseini left Afghanistan in 1976, when his diplomat father was posted to France. After the Soviet Union invaded Afghanistan in 1979, his family was resettled in the United States. Since becoming a Goodwill Envoy in 2006, he has visited refugees, returnees and the internally displaced in Afghanistan and Chad.

By Mohammad Nader Farhad in Kabul, Afghanistan

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UNHCR country pages

Khaled Hosseini Biography

Acclaimed American author Khaled Hosseini knows what it's like to be a refugee.

Khaled Hosseini and UNHCR

Read about Khaled Hosseini's support for UNHCR.

Afghanistan: Rebuilding a War-Torn Country

The cycle of life has started again in Afghanistan as returnees put their shoulders to the wheel to rebuild their war-torn country.

Return is only the first step on Afghanistan's long road to recovery. UNHCR is helping returnees settle back home with repatriation packages, shelter kits, mine-awareness training and vaccination against diseases. Slowly but surely, Afghans across the land are reuniting with loved ones, reconstructing homes, going back to school and resuming work. A new phase in their lives has begun.

Watch the process of return, reintegration, rehabilitation and reconstruction unfold in Afghanistan through this gallery.

Afghanistan: Rebuilding a War-Torn Country

Rebuilding Lives in Afghanistan

With elections scheduled in October, 2004 is a crucial year for the future of Afghanistan, and Afghans are returning to their homeland in record numbers. In the first seven months of 2004 alone, more than half a million returned from exile. In all, more than 3.6 million Afghans have returned since UNHCR's voluntary repatriation programme started in 2002.

The UN refugee agency and its partner organisations are working hard to help the returnees rebuild their lives in Afghanistan. Returnees receive a grant to cover basic needs, as well as access to medical facilities, immunisations and landmine awareness training.

UNHCR's housing programme provides tool kits and building supplies for families to build new homes where old ones have been destroyed. The agency also supports the rehabilitation of public buildings as well as programmes to rehabilitate the water supply, vocational training and cash-for-work projects.

Rebuilding Lives in Afghanistan

The Reality of Return in Afghanistan

Beyond the smiles of homecoming lie the harsh realities of return. With more than 5 million Afghans returning home since 2002, Afghanistan's absorption capacity is reaching saturation point.

Landmine awareness training at UNHCR's encashment centres – their first stop after returning from decades in exile – is a sombre reminder of the immense challenges facing this war-torn country. Many returnees and internally displaced Afghans are struggling to rebuild their lives. Some are squatting in tents in the capital, Kabul. Basic needs like shelter, land and safe drinking water are seldom met. Jobs are scarce, and long queues of men looking for work are a common sight in marketplaces.

Despite the obstacles, their spirit is strong. Returning Afghans – young and old, women and men – seem determined to do their bit for nation building, one brick at a time.

Posted on 31 January 2008

The Reality of Return in Afghanistan

Khaled Hosseini gets to know Muzoon, the Play video

Khaled Hosseini gets to know Muzoon, the "Malala of Syrian refugees"

Muzoon is a student, a writer and a fierce advocate for education. She is also a refugee. UNHCR Goodwill Ambassador spent time with her at Azraq camp in Jordan.
Jordan: Khaled Hosseini VisitPlay video

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Bestselling author and UNHCR Goodwill Ambassador Khaled Hosseini visited Zaatari refugee camp in Jordan this week to meet with Syrian refugees fleeing the conflict. As the conflict enters its fifth year, the situation is getting more desperate for Syrians, some of whom will risk everything and cross dangerous waters to find safety in Europe.
Iraq: Khaled Hosseini VisitPlay video

Iraq: Khaled Hosseini Visit

UNHCR Goodwill Ambassador Khaled Hosseini, a former refugee from Afghanistan, met Syrian refugees during a trip to northern Iraq. The best-selling novelist talked to many of the refugees, including an aspiring young writer.