||TEACHING METHODS/LEARNING STRATEGIES
|An introduction to The Exhibition of Degenerate Art, held in Munich, 1937.
||Link to previous lessons: Teacher poses questions to students concerning the purpose of art, and the basic rights of artists to express their social and political viewpoints through their works
Development: The history of the confiscation of avant-garde works, the dismissal of modern artists and those sympathetic to advanced art from their various posts, the persecution of these artists, and the public denigration of the artworks judged as mental and moral degeneracy by National Socialism should be treated in lecture form by the teacher.
Students should be encouraged to ponder upon the rights of the individual to freedom of thought and speech which are guaranteed by Articles 18 and 19 of the Universal Declaration of Human Rights.
|Teacher's Resource Sheet:
Degeneracy and Nazi Ideology in the 1920s and 1930s from Stephanie Barron, ed. "Degenerate Art": The Fate of the Avant-Garde in Nazi Germany (Los Angeles, Los Angeles County Museum of Art/New York, Harry N. Abrams, 1991), p. 11-13.
Readings for the teacher:
- Bruce Altshuler, The Avant-Garde in Exhibition: New Art in the 20th Century (New York, Harry N. Abrams, 1994), pp. 136-149
- Stephanie Barron, ed. "Degenerate Art": The Fate of the Avant-Garde in Nazi Germany (Los Angeles, Los Angeles County Museum of Art / New York, Harry N. Abrams, 1991)
- Art and Power: Europe under the Dictators: 1930-45, compiled and selected by Dawn Ades et. al (London, Thames and Hudson, 1995), pp. 330-333, 338-339
- Sam Hunter and John Jacobs, Modern Art (New York, Harry N. Abrams, 1992)
- Beth Irwin Lewis, George Grosz: Art and Politics
in the Weimar Republic (Princeton, New Jersey, Princeton University Press, 1991)
- Theda Shapiro, Painters and Politics: The European Avant-Garde and Society (New York, Elsevier, 1976)
- Helmut Lehmann-Hupt, Art Under a Dictatorship (New York, OUP, 1954), pp. 78-87